34 Facts About Kyrgyzstan


Kyrgyzstan or the Kyrgyz Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Asia.

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Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the east.

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In 1876, Kyrgyzstan became part of the Russian Empire, and in 1936, the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was formed to become a constituent republic of the Soviet Union.

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On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow and a democratic government was established.

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Kyrgyzstan attained sovereignty as a nation state after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

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Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organisation of Turkic States, the Turksoy community and the United Nations.

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Finally, on 21 December 1991, Kyrgyzstan joined with the other four Central Asian Republics to formally enter the new Commonwealth of Independent States.

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Kyrgyzstan gained full independence a few days later on 25 December 1991.

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In 1992, Kyrgyzstan joined the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe .

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Kyrgyzstan added that there were not sufficient security forces to contain the violence.

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Since independence, Kyrgyzstan has made developments such as creating genuinely free news media and fostering an active political opposition.

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Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

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Kyrgyzstan has significant deposits of metals including gold and rare-earth metals.

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Kyrgyzstan contains seven terrestrial ecosystems: Tian Shan montane conifer forests, Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe, Gissaro-Alai open woodlands, Tian Shan foothill arid steppe, Pamir alpine desert and tundra, Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows, and Central Asian northern desert.

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Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a league of 57 participating states committed to peace, transparency, and the protection of human rights in Eurasia.

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Kyrgyzstan is among the fifty countries in the world with the highest perceived level of corruption: the 2016 Corruption Perception Index for Kyrgyzstan is 28 on a scale of 0 to 100 .

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On 7 August 2019, the Special Forces of Kyrgyzstan launched an operation against the residence of former President Almazbek Atambayev, supposedly based on charges of corruption made against him.

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Armed forces of Kyrgyzstan were formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union and consist of the Land Forces, Air Forces, internal troops, National Guard, and the border guard.

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Kyrgyzstan is classified as a "hybrid regime" in the Democracy Index, ranking 107th out of 167 for 2020.

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Kyrgyzstan was the ninth poorest country in the former Soviet Union, and is today the second poorest country in Central Asia after Tajikistan.

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Kyrgyzstan's terrain is mountainous, which accommodates livestock raising, the largest agricultural activity, so the resulting wool, meat and dairy products are major commodities.

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Kyrgyzstan is rich in mineral resources but has negligible petroleum and natural gas reserves; it imports petroleum and gas.

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Kyrgyzstan is ranked 78th among countries for economic freedom by the Heritage Institute.

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Kyrgyzstan was ranked 98th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 90th in 2019.

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Kyrgyzstan has undergone a pronounced change in its ethnic composition since independence.

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Kyrgyzstan is one of five former Soviet republics to have Russian as a de jure official language, along with Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan.

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Russian TV media enjoy enormous popularity in Kyrgyzstan, especially in the deeply russified city of Bishkek and the Chuy Region, despite that the percentage of Russians today is a fraction of that in 1989.

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Today Kyrgyzstan is a secular state, although Islam has exerted a growing influence in politics.

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Additionally, Bermet Akayeva, the daughter of Askar Akayev, the former President of Kyrgyzstan, stated during a July 2007 interview that Islam is increasingly taking root across the nation.

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The 6th International Sports Festival Pearl of Kyrgyzstan were held in Issyk-Kul region from June 15 to July 3 of 2022.

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School system in Kyrgyzstan includes primary, secondary and high divisions within one school.

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Transport in Kyrgyzstan is severely constrained by the country's alpine topography.

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Kyrgyzstan appears on the European Union's list of prohibited countries for the certification of airlines.

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In 2022 the president of Kyrgyzstan, Zhaparov, has told local media that he expects construction of the 523km China–Kyrgyzstan–Uzbekistan Railway to begin next year.

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