29 Facts About Rijeka


Rijeka is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia .

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Rijeka is the main city and county seat of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County.

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Zajc, first built in 1765, as well as the University of Rijeka, founded in 1973 but with roots dating back to 1632 and the local Jesuit School of Theology.

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In 2016, Rijeka was selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2020, alongside Galway, Ireland.

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Rijeka is located in western Croatia, 131 kilometres south-west of the capital, Zagreb, on the coast of Kvarner Gulf, in the northern part of the Adriatic Sea.

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Geographically, Rijeka is roughly equidistant from Milan, Budapest, Munich, Vienna and Belgrade .

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The Bay of Rijeka, which is bordered by Vela Vrata, Srednja Vrata and Mala Vrata is connected to the Kvarner Gulf and is deep enough to accommodate large commercial ships.

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Rijeka is again mentioned around AD 150 by the Greek geographer and astronomer Ptolemy in his Geography when describing the "Location of Illyria or Liburnia, and of Dalmatia" .

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At the time, Rijeka was a feudal stronghold surrounded by a wall.

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In 799 Rijeka was attacked by the Frankish troops of Charlemagne.

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In 1288 the Rijeka citizens signed the Law codex of Vinodol, one of the oldest codes of law in Europe.

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Rijeka even rivalled Venice when in it was sold by Rambert II Walsee to the Habsburg emperor Frederick III, Archduke of Austria in 1466.

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The rebuilt Rijeka was significantly different - it was transformed from a small medieval walled town into a larger commercial and maritime city centered around its port.

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From 1804, Rijeka was part of the Austrian Empire, in the Croatia-Slavonia province.

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In 1813 the French rule came to an end when Rijeka was first bombarded by the Royal Navy and later re-captured by the Austrians under the command of the Irish general Laval Nugent von Westmeath.

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Rijeka's became a folk hero Karolina Rijecka and has been celebrated in plays, movies and even in a rock opera.

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Rijeka's port underwent tremendous development fuelled by generous Hungarian investments, becoming the main maritime outlet for Hungary and the eastern part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

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Rijeka was the main center for the production of torpedoes.

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Main problem arose from the fact that Rijeka was not assigned either to Italy or to Croatia in the Treaty of London which defined the post-war borders in the area.

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In 2020, Rijeka was voted the European Capital of Culture alongside Galway, with a planned program including more than 600 events of cultural and social importance.

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Rijeka Carnival is held each year before Lent in Rijeka, Croatia.

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The start is a part of Rijeka called Paris after the restaurant located there, and the end is in city of Bakar, located about 20 kilometres south-east.

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Rijeka has a humid subtropical climate with warm summers and relatively mild and rainy winters.

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Port of Rijeka is the largest port in Croatia, with a cargo throughput in 2017 of 12.

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The city's own international airport, Rijeka Airport is located on the nearby island of Krk across the tolled Krk Bridge.

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Rijeka has efficient road connections to other parts of Croatia and neighbouring countries.

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Rijeka is integrated into the Croatian railway network and international rail lines.

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Rijeka is connected to Trieste and Ljubljana by a separate electrified line that extends northwards from the city.

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Marvel's villain Purple Man originates from this city, and Rijeka has been present in many of the character's stories.

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