24 Facts About Viking


Geographically, the Viking Age covered Scandinavian lands, as well as territories under North Germanic dominance, mainly the Danelaw, including Scandinavian York, the administrative centre of the remains of the Kingdom of Northumbria, parts of Mercia, and East Anglia.

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Viking navigators opened the road to new lands to the north, west and east, resulting in the foundation of independent settlements in the Shetland, Orkney, and Faroe Islands; Iceland; Greenland; and L'Anse aux Meadows, a short-lived settlement in Newfoundland, circa 1000.

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Slavic and Viking tribes were "closely linked, fighting one another, intermixing and trading".

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Viking's was the mother of Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland, King of Sweden, and Grand Duke of Finland.

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Motives driving the Viking expansion are a topic of much debate in Nordic history.

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Contrary to Simek's assertion, Viking raids occurred sporadically long before the reign of Charlemagne; but exploded in frequency and size after his death, when his empire fragmented into multiple much weaker entities.

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The Viking raids were the first to be documented in writing by eyewitnesses, and they were much larger in scale and frequency than in previous times.

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Viking influence is evident in concepts like the present-day parliamentary body of the Tynwald on the Isle of Man.

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Viking barrows are one of the primary source of evidence for circumstances in the Viking Age.

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Viking society was divided into the three socio-economic classes: Thralls, Karls and Jarls.

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Viking's had the important roles of managing the farm's resources, conducting business, as well as child-rearing, although some of this would be shared with her husband.

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The manufacturing of such antler combs was common, as at the Viking settlement at Dublin hundreds of examples of combs from the tenth-century have survived, suggesting that grooming was a common practice.

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The rotary querns often used in the Viking Age left tiny stone fragments in the flour, which when eaten wore down the teeth.

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Links to a Viking identity remained longer in the remote islands of Iceland and the Faroes.

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Knowledge about the arms and armour of the Viking age is based on archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and to some extent on the accounts in the Norse sagas and Norse laws recorded in the 13th century.

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Except for the major trading centres of Ribe, Hedeby and the like, the Viking world was unfamiliar with the use of coinage and was based on so called bullion economy, that is, the weight of precious metals.

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Sails for Viking ships required large amounts of wool, as evidenced by experimental archaeology.

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Until recently, the history of the Viking Age was largely based on Icelandic sagas, the history of the Danes written by Saxo Grammaticus, the Russian Primary Chronicle, and Cogad Gaedel re Gallaib.

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The cultural phenomenon of Viking expansion was re-interpreted for use as propaganda to support the extreme militant nationalism of the Third Reich, and ideologically informed interpretations of Viking paganism and the Scandinavian use of runes were employed in the construction of Nazi mysticism.

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The general misconception that Viking warriors wore horned helmets was partly promulgated by the 19th-century enthusiasts of Gotiska Forbundet, founded in 1811 in Stockholm.

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Viking helmets were conical, made from hard leather with wood and metallic reinforcement for regular troops.

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The only original Viking helmet discovered is the Gjermundbu helmet, found in Norway.

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Viking tendencies were often misreported, and the work of Adam of Bremen, among others, told largely disputable tales of Viking savagery and uncleanliness.

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Viking's burial is the richest one in the whole cemetery, moreover, strontium analysis of his teeth enamel shows he was not local.

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