11 Facts About Colonel Muammar Gaddafi

1. In early 1979, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi warned opposition leaders to return home immediately or face "liquidation.

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2. In 1971 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi warned that if France opposes Libyan military occupation of Chad, he will use all weapons in the war against France including the "revolutionary weapon".

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3. In 1972, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi tried to buy a nuclear bomb from the People's Republic of China.

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4. In 1972, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi created the Islamic Legion as a tool to unify and Arabize the region.

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5. In 1977, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi dispatched his military across the border to Egypt, but Egyptian forces fought back in the Libyan–Egyptian War.

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6. In October 2010, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi apologized to African leaders for the historical enslavement of Africans by the Arab slave trade.

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7. In 2001, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi condemned the September 11 attacks on the US by al-Qaeda, expressing sympathy with the victims and calling for Libyan involvement in the War on Terror against militant Islamism.

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8. In turn, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi played up his commercial relationship with the Soviets, visiting Moscow again in April 1981 and 1985, and in 1978 threatening to join the Warsaw Pact.

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9. In December 1978, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi stepped down as Secretary-General of the GPC, announcing his new focus on revolutionary rather than governmental activities; this was part of his new emphasis on separating the apparatus of the revolution from the government.

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10. In June 1973, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi created a political ideology as a basis for the Popular Revolution: Third International Theory.

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11. On 16 April 1973, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi proclaimed the start of a "Popular Revolution" in a speech at Zuwarah.

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