45 Facts About Moldova


Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

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Moldova is the second poorest country in Europe by GDP per capita.

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Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government.

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Moldova has been an official candidate for membership in the European Union since June 2022.

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Name Moldova is derived from the Moldova River ; the valley of this river served as a political centre at the time of the foundation of the Principality of Moldavia in 1359.

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Moldova's reign was one of the most successful in Moldavia's history.

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The Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Moldova is assessing the activity of the communist totalitarian regime.

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In 1994, Moldova became a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program, and a member of the Council of Europe on 29 June 1995.

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On 2 January 1992, Moldova introduced a market economy, liberalizing prices, which resulted in rapid inflation.

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On 23 December 1994, the Parliament of Moldova adopted a "Law on the Special Legal Status of Gagauzia", and in 1995, the latter was constituted.

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The first joint meeting of the Governments of Romania and Moldova, held in March 2012, concluded with several bilateral agreements in various fields.

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On 29 November 2013, at a summit in Vilnius, Moldova signed an association agreement with the European Union dedicated to the European Union's 'Eastern Partnership' with ex-Soviet countries.

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Moldova signed the Association Agreement with the European Union in Brussels on 27 June 2014.

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Moldova signed the membership application to join the EU, on 3 March 2022.

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On 23 June 2022, Moldova was officially granted the candidate status by EU leaders.

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Moldova has accepted all relevant arms control obligations of the former Soviet Union.

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On 30 October 1992, Moldova ratified the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, which establishes comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment and provides for the destruction of weapons in excess of those limits.

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Moldova joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation's Partnership for Peace on 16 March 1994.

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Moldova is committed to a number of international and regional control of arms regulations such as the UN Firearms Protocol, Stability Pact Regional Implementation Plan, the UN Programme of Action and the OSCE Documents on Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition.

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Since declaring independence in 1991, Moldova has participated in UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire, Sudan and Georgia.

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Moldova signed a military agreement with Romania to strengthen regional security.

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Moldova improved its legislation by enacting the Law on Preventing and Combating Family Violence, in 2008.

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Moldova is divided into 32 districts, three municipalities and two autonomous regions .

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Moldova has 66 cities, including 13 with municipality status, and 916 communes.

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The western border of Moldova is formed by the Prut river, which joins the Danube before flowing into the Black Sea.

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Moldova's hills are part of the Moldavian Plateau, which geologically originate from the Carpathian Mountains.

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Moldova has a climate which is moderately continental; its proximity to the Black Sea leads to the climate being mildly cold in the autumn and winter and relatively cool in the spring and summer.

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Phytogeographically, Moldova is split between the East European Plain and the Pontic–Caspian steppe of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom.

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Environment of Moldova suffered extreme degradation during the Soviet period, when industrial and agricultural development proceeded without regard for environmental protection.

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Moldova is currently interested in expanding their wisent population, and began talks with Belarus in 2019 regarding a bison exchange program between the two countries.

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Moldova remains highly vulnerable to fluctuations in remittances from workers abroad, exports to the Commonwealth of Independent States and European Union, and donor support .

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Gross average monthly salary in the Republic of Moldova has registered a steady positive growth after 1999, being 5906 lei or 298 euros in 2018.

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Moldova has achieved a substantial degree of fiscal consolidation in recent years, but this trend is reversing.

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In November 2013, Moldova initialed an Association Agreement with the EU which includes provisions establishing a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area .

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Moldova has signed the Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the European Union during summer 2014.

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Moldova is a partner country of the EU INOGATE energy programme, which has four key topics: enhancing energy security, convergence of member state energy markets on the basis of EU internal energy market principles, supporting sustainable energy development, and attracting investment for energy projects of common and regional interest.

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In September 2009, Moldova was the first country in the world to launch high-definition voice services for mobile phones, and the first country in Europe to launch 14.

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The Republic of Moldova was ranked 64th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 58th in 2019.

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Emigration is a mass phenomenon in Moldova and has a major impact on the country's demographics and economy.

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Television in Moldova was introduced in April 1958, within the framework of Soviet television.

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Notably, Moldova is the country with the highest alcohol consumption per capita in world, at 15.

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Moldova has been participating in the Eurovision Song Contest since 2005.

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In chess, the Republic of Moldova has several international masters, among which can be mentioned Viorel Iordachescu, Dmitry Svetushkin, and Viorel Bologan.

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Athletes from Moldova have won European medals in athletics, biathlon, football, and gymnastics; world medals in archery, judo, swimming, and taekwondo; as well as Olympic medals in boxing, canoeing, shooting, weightlifting, and wrestling.

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Moldova made its Olympic debut at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.

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