44 Facts About Captain James Cook

1. Captain James Cook was to command the Endeavour, a renovated collier, on a voyage to the Pacific Ocean, where he would observe the transit of Venus in Tahiti, and to search for evidence of Terra Australia Incognita, the fabled southern continent.

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2. Captain James Cook quickly became a skilled sailor and devoted his spare time to the study of mathematics and cartography.

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3. Captain James Cook disliked shop work, finding his only pleasure watching the sea and fishing boats that plied Yorkshire's coastal waters.

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4. Captain James Cook sailed again in 1776; in 1778 he visited and named the Sandwich Islands and unsuccessfully searched the coast of NW North America for a Northwest Passage.

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5. Captain James Cook initially named these Pacific islands the Sandwich Islands after his benefactor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.

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6. Captain James Cook was born into a farming family in north Yorkshire.

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7. Captain James Cook was apprenticed to John Walker, a Whitby shipowner, at the age of seventeen.

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8. Captain James Cook enjoyed a record of very amicable relationships with the native peoples he encountered on his expeditions.

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9. Captain James Cook embarked on his third and final voyage in 1776.

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10. Captain James Cook left Britain in 1772 and sailed for the extreme southern Atlantic.

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11. Captain James Cook was charged with finding a southern continent, which was thought to exist in the extreme South Pacific; the mysterious continent was supposed to be temperate with fertile land.

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12. At the completion of that task, Captain James Cook continued to record significant discoveries.

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13. Captain James Cook earned his mate's certificate, but his merchant career was cut short by his decision to enlist with the Royal Navy in 1755 at the outbreak of the Seven Year's War.

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14. Captain James Cook made significant contributions to the fields of surveying, cartography, advanced mathematics, astronomy, and navigation.

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15. Captain James Cook claimed it for Britain and named it New South Wales.

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16. At the age of 17, Captain James Cook moved to the coast, settling in Whitby and finding work with a coal merchant.

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17. Captain James Cook died in a skirmish over a stolen ship in Hawaii.

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18. Captain James Cook was a British explorer who visited six of the seven continents in three voyages occurring between 1768 and 1779.

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19. Captain James Cook died on Hawaii, during a confrontation between the ship's crew and a mob of native Hawaiians over the ship cutter's thievery.

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20. Captain James Cook decided he wanted to be the person in charge of the ship when Banks was putting together his part in the voyages meant to observe the 1769 transit of Venus.

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21. Captain James Cook is someone many have heard of but few know much about.

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22. Captain James Cook worked on a Yorkshire farm in his youth before winning an apprenticeship with a merchant sailing company at age 17.

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23. In 2002 Captain James Cook was placed at number 12 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.

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24. Captain James Cook carried several scientists on his voyages; they made significant observations and discoveries.

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25. In New Zealand the coming of Captain James Cook is often used to signify the onset of colonisation.

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26. Captain James Cook tested several preventive measures, but the most important was frequent replenishment of fresh food.

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27. On his second voyage, Captain James Cook used the K1 chronometer made by Larcum Kendall, which was the shape of a large pocket watch, 5 inches in diameter.

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28. Captain James Cook was first struck on the head with a club by a chief named Kalaimanokahoʻowaha or Kanaʻina and then stabbed by one of the king's attendants, Nuaa.

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29. The king began to understand that Captain James Cook was his enemy.

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30. Captain James Cook took the king by his own hand and led him willingly away.

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31. Captain James Cook attempted to kidnap and ransom the King of Hawaiʻi, Kalaniʻopuʻu.

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32. Captain James Cook headed northeast up the coast of Alaska until he was blocked by sea ice.

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33. Captain James Cook anchored near the First Nations village of Yuquot.

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34. Captain James Cook made landfall on the Oregon coast at approximately 44°30′ north latitude, naming his landing point Cape Foulweather.

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35. Captain James Cook travelled to the Pacific and hoped to travel east to the Atlantic, while a simultaneous voyage travelled the opposite route.

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36. On his first voyage, Captain James Cook had demonstrated by circumnavigating New Zealand that it was not attached to a larger landmass to the south.

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37. Captain James Cook climbed the hill with three others, including Joseph Banks.

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38. At this time, Captain James Cook employed local pilots to point out the "rocks and hidden dangers" along the south and west coasts.

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39. Captain James Cook surveyed the northwest stretch in 1763 and 1764, the south coast between the Burin Peninsula and Cape Ray in 1765 and 1766, and the west coast in 1767.

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40. Captain James Cook has no direct descendants—all of his children died before having children of their own.

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41. Captain James Cook was taken on as a merchant navy apprentice in their small fleet of vessels, plying coal along the English coast.

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42. Captain James Cook mapped lands from New Zealand to Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean in greater detail and on a scale not previously achieved.

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43. Captain James Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755.

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44. Captain James Cook was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.

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