41 Facts About Frank Robinson


Frank Robinson was an American professional baseball outfielder and manager in Major League Baseball who played for five teams, from 1956 to 1976.

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Frank Robinson helped lead the Orioles to the first two World Series titles in franchise history in 1966 and 1970, and was named the Series MVP in 1966 after leading the Orioles to a four-game sweep of the Los Angeles Dodgers.

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In 1975, Frank Robinson became the first Black manager in big league history, as the Cleveland Indians' player-manager.

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Frank Robinson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1982.

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For most of the last two decades of his life, Frank Robinson served in various executive positions for Major League Baseball concluding his career as honorary president of the American League.

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Frank Robinson was the youngest of Ruth Shaw's ten children and the only child of her marriage to Frank Robinson.

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Frank Robinson's parents divorced when he was an infant, and his mother moved with her children to Alameda, California, and then to the West Oakland neighborhood of nearby Oakland.

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Frank Robinson attended McClymonds High School in Oakland where he was a basketball teammate of Bill Russell.

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Frank Robinson was a baseball teammate of Vada Pinson and Curt Flood.

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Frank Robinson made his professional debut for the Ogden Reds of the Class C Pioneer League.

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Frank Robinson was promoted to the Tulsa Oilers of the Class AA Texas League in 1954, but was demoted to the Columbia Reds of the Class A South Atlantic League.

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Frank Robinson spiked Johnny Logan in 1957, causing Logan to miss six weeks.

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On May 8,1966, Frank Robinson became the only player ever to hit a home run completely out of Memorial Stadium.

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Frank Robinson was traded along with Pete Richert from the Orioles to the Los Angeles Dodgers for Doyle Alexander, Bob O'Brien, Sergio Robles and Royle Stillman at the Winter Meetings on December 2,1971.

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Frank Robinson injured his shoulder in 1975 and did not play often.

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Frank Robinson retired from playing after the 1976 season, after batting.

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Frank Robinson managed in the winter leagues late in his playing career.

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Frank Robinson managed the San Francisco Giants from 1981 through 106 games of the 1984 season, when he was fired.

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Frank Robinson finished the 1984 season as the hitting coach for the Milwaukee Brewers on a contract worth $1.

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Frank Robinson, who wanted either a front office job or a consultancy, declined.

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Frank Robinson is one of just seven managers to have won 1,000 games without having made the postseason once, and he is the only one to do it since the Expansion Era began in 1961.

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In 1982, Frank Robinson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a Baltimore Oriole.

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Frank Robinson is a charter member of the Baltimore Orioles Hall of Fame, and a member of the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame, being inducted into both in 1978.

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Frank Robinson was named to the Washington Nationals Ring of Honor for his "significant contribution to the game of baseball in Washington, D C" on May 9,2015.

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Frank Robinson was inducted into the Cleveland Indians Hall of Fame in 2016.

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Frank Robinson is one of only two major-league players, the other being Nolan Ryan, to have his number retired by three different organizations.

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In 1999, Frank Robinson ranked 22nd on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players.

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Frank Robinson was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

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Frank Robinson won Most Valuable Player awards in both the National and American Leagues.

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Frank Robinson's teams won five League titles and two World Series championships.

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In 1975, Frank Robinson broke the color barrier as baseball's first African-American manager, and he later won Manager of the Year awards in both the National and American Leagues.

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Frank Robinson still holds the record for home runs on opening day, which includes a home run in his first at bat as a player-manager.

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Frank Robinson served as an assistant general manager for the Orioles through 1995 when he was fired.

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Frank Robinson worked for MLB as vice president of on-field operations from 1999 to 2002.

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Frank Robinson was responsible for player discipline, uniform policy, stadium configuration, and other on-field issues.

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Frank Robinson served as an analyst for ESPN during spring training in 2007.

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In 2007 Frank Robinson rejoined the MLB front office serving as a special advisor for baseball operations from 2007 to 2009.

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Frank Robinson then served as special assistant to Bud Selig from 2009 to 2010 and was named senior vice president for major league operations from 2010 to 2011.

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In February 2015, Frank Robinson left his position as executive vice president of baseball development and was named senior advisor to the Commissioner of Baseball and honorary American League president.

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Frank Robinson originally declined membership in the NAACP unless the organization promised not to make him do public appearances.

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On February 7,2019, Frank Robinson died of bone cancer in Los Angeles at the age of 83.

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