28 Facts About Indian Punjab

1. Indian Punjab is the birthplace of Sikhism and the movement Ahmadiyya.

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2. The Indian Punjab was invaded by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE and was captured by Chandragupta Maurya under Chanakya.

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3. Indian Punjab ruled under the British was larger than that under Ranjit Singh.

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4. The most notable Bronze-Age cities in the Indian Punjab are those of Harappa, Rakhigarhi and Rupar.

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5. Indian Punjab is the central location of the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC), known as the Harappan Civilisation.

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6. Indian Punjab enjoys better health conditions than most states in India.

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7. Indian Punjab is well served by the Northern Railway—part of the national railway system.

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8. Indian Punjab has one of the best-developed road networks in the country.

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9. Indian Punjab produces an important portion of India's food grain and contributes a major share of the wheat and rice stock held by the Central Pool.

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10. Indian Punjab has the world's first museum based on the Indian Partition of 1947, in Amritsar, called the Partition Museum.

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11. Indian Punjab has witnessed a growth in FM radio channels, mainly in the cities of Jalandhar, Patiala and Amritsar, which has become hugely popular.

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12. Indian Punjab has the largest population of Sikhs in India and is the only state where Sikhs form a majority with approximately 57.69 of the state population practicing Sikhism.

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13. All the cities and towns of Indian Punjab are connected by four-lane national highways.

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14. Indian Punjab is called the "Granary of India" or "India's bread-basket".

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15. Indian Punjab is one of the most fertile regions in India.

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16. Indian Punjab has 22 districts which are geographically classified into Majha, Malwa, Doaba and Poadh regions.

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17. Indian Punjab was under President's rule for 5 continuous years from 1987 to 1992.

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18. In terms of the absolute number of days, Indian Punjab was under President's rule for 3510 days, which is about 10 years.

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19. The state of Indian Punjab is divided into five administrative divisions and twenty-two districts.

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20. The state of Indian Punjab has large wetland areas, bird sanctuaries that house numerous species of birds, and many zoological parks.

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21. Indian Punjab is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy.

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22. Indian Punjab receives rainfall from the monsoon current of the Bay of Bengal.

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23. Indian Punjab is bounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south.

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24. Indian Punjab is in northwestern India and has a total area of 50,362 square kilometres.

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25. Indian Punjab ruled the territory between the Sutlej River and the Yamuna River, established a capital in the Himalayas at Lohgarh, and struck coinage in the names of Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh.

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26. The word Indian Punjab is a compound of the Persian words panj and ab (waters).

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27. Indian Punjab has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are in "Steel Town"—Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district.

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28. The Indian Punjab was home to the Gupta Empire, the empire of the Alchon Huns, the empire of Harsha, and the Mongol Empire.

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