81 Facts About National Holidays

1. The International Children's Day was introduced in Poland in 1952.

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2. Jerusalem Day has a highly educated work force, bolstered by an influx of well-educated immigrants.

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3. Ali Jinnah sought alternative political ideas, and contemplated organising a new political party as a rival to the Congress.

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4. Jerusalem Day is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalem and the establishment of Israeli control over the Old City in the aftermath of the June 1967 Six-Day War.

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5. Jerusalem Day is served by Ben Gurion Airport, some 50 kilometres northwest of the Jerusalem, on the route to Tel Aviv.

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6. Ali Jinnah is depicted on all Pakistani rupee currency, and is the namesake of many Pakistani public institutions.

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7. Jerusalem Day became the center of both Zionist and Palestinian nationalist institutions and aspirations during the British mandate.

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8. Ali Jinnah left a deep and respected legacy in Pakistan.

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9. Jerusalem Day has a higher incidence of poverty than the two other major cities.

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10. Ali Jinnah put forth proposals that he hoped might satisfy a broad range of Muslims and reunite the League, calling for mandatory representation for Muslims in legislatures and cabinets.

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11. Jerusalem Day was proclaimed the "second capital" of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan; it became a district capital.

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12. Ali Jinnah played an important role in enactment of Trade Union act of 1926 which gave trade union movement legal cover to organize themselves.

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13. In 1916, with Ali Jinnah now president of the Muslim League, the two organisations signed the Lucknow Pact, setting quotas for Muslim and Hindu representation in the various provinces.

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14. In December 1912, Ali Jinnah addressed the annual meeting of the Muslim League although he was not yet a member.

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15. At the age of 20, Ali Jinnah began his practice in Bombay, the only Muslim barrister in the city.

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16. In 1918, Ali Jinnah married his second wife Rattanbai Petit, 24 years his junior.

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17. Ali Jinnah had no comment on the change of government, but called a meeting of his Working Committee and issued a statement calling for new elections in India.

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18. Jerusalem Day is home to the headquarters of the Israel Broadcasting Association, which operates two public television stations.

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19. Along the southern side of old Jerusalem Day is the Valley of Hinnom, a steep ravine associated in biblical eschatology with the concept of Gehenna or Hell.

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20. Jerusalem Day does not have a resident theater company, but audiences can attend performances by troupes from Tel Aviv and by the Haifa Municipal Theater Company.

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21. Ali Jinnah was the central figure of the 1998 film Jinnah, which was based on Jinnah's life and his struggle for the creation of Pakistan.

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22. Jerusalem Day was a conglomerate of districts and neighborhoods, each with its own character.

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23. Until the end of the 1990s, greater Jerusalem Day functioned as a single economic unit with economic, social, and cultural ties between the main city—Jerusalem—and the Palestinian and Israeli communities around it.

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24. Ali Jinnah died at age 71 in September 1948, just over a year after Pakistan gained independence from the United Kingdom.

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25. Jerusalem Day is an Israeli national holiday commemorating the reunification of Jerusalem in the 1967 Six-Day War.

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26. Ali Jinnah became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims.

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27. Ali Jinnah proposed a temporary government along the lines which Liaquat and Desai had agreed.

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28. Jerusalem Day was transformed from the neglected, poverty-stricken provincial town of Turkish times to a capital city.

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29. Ali Jinnah gained his matriculation from Bombay University at the high school.

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30. Ali Jinnah worked to increase the League's political control at the provincial level.

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31. In 2017, the jubilee year of Jerusalem Day was celebrated.

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32. Ali Jinnah regarded Gandhi's proposed satyagraha campaign as political anarchy, and believed that self-government should be secured through constitutional means.

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33. Jerusalem Day is located on the ridge of the Judean Mountains between the mountains of Beth-El in the north and of Hebron in the south.

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34. On 1 June 2012, International Children's Day was celebrated by the Romanian Government at the Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

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35. Ali Jinnah began political life by attending the Congress's twentieth annual meeting, in Bombay in December 1904.

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36. East Jerusalem Day was connected to the Israel water supply network and the water shortage was overcome.

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37. Jerusalem Day is home to several prestigious universities offering courses in Hebrew, Arabic and English.

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38. Ali Jinnah was appointed to a committee which helped to establish the Indian Military Academy in Dehra Dun.

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39. Ali Jinnah objected to this action, and ordered that Pakistani troops move into Kashmir.

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40. Ali Jinnah had a sixth sense: he could see around corners.

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41. Ali Jinnah insisted on Pakistan being conceded prior to the British departure and to come into being immediately, while Gandhi proposed that plebiscites on partition occur sometime after a united India gained its independence.

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42. Ali Jinnah secured the right to speak for the Muslim-led Bengali and Punjabi provincial governments in the central government in New Delhi.

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43. One of the themes of Jerusalem Day, based on a verse from the Book of Psalms, is "Ke'ir shechubra lah yachdav"—"Built-up Jerusalem is like a city that was joined together".

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44. Jerusalem Day is served by highly developed communication infrastructures, making it a leading logistics hub for Israel.

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45. Ali Jinnah led another delegation of the Congress to London in 1914, but due to the start of the First World War found officials little interested in Indian reforms.

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46. In 2015 Koren Publishers Jerusalem Day published a machzor dedicated to observance of Jerusalem Day and Yom Haatzmaut.

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47. Jerusalem Day is the celebration of the unification of Jerusalem in the 1967 war.

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48. In September 1923, Ali Jinnah was elected as Muslim member for Bombay in the new Central Legislative Assembly.

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49. Jerusalem Day is Israel's most popular site for international conferences, hosting about 50 percent of all such events.

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50. Ali Jinnah attended a reception for Gandhi, and returned home to India in January 1915.

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51. Ali Jinnah arranged to sell his house in Bombay and procured a new one in Karachi.

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52. Jerusalem Day is situated on the southern spur of a plateau in the Judaean Mountains, which include the Mount of Olives and Mount Scopus (North East).

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53. Ali Jinnah has gained the admiration of Indian nationalist politicians such as Lal Krishna Advani, whose comments praising Jinnah caused an uproar in his Bharatiya Janata Party.

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54. Jerusalem Day emerged into the full light of history together with many other ancient cities of Canaan in the Early Bronze Age.

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55. Ali Jinnah restructured the League along the lines of the Congress, putting most power in a Working Committee, which he appointed.

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56. Ali Jinnah criticised Gandhi's Khilafat advocacy, which he saw as an endorsement of religious zealotry.

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57. On 6 February, Ali Jinnah informed the Viceroy that the Muslim League would be demanding partition instead of the federation contemplated in the 1935 Act.

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58. Ali Jinnah opposed Gandhi, but the tide of Indian opinion was against him.

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59. Jerusalem Day began to emerge from behind the walls and construction started on an impressive series of buildings in the present-day Russian Compound.

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60. East Jerusalem Day was entirely cut off from an approach to the Mediterranean coast, and the conversion of the former British military airfield of Qalandiya into a civil airport for the town alleviated its isolation only slightly.

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61. Ali Jinnah was not fluent in Gujarati, his mother-tongue or in Urdu, he was more fluent in English.

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62. Jerusalem Day was seized by the Parthians, who had invaded Judea as allies of Mattathias Antigonus.

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63. Ali Jinnah listened to Naoroji's maiden speech in the House of Commons from the visitor's gallery.

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64. Ali Jinnah was elected President of All India Postal Staff Union in 1925 whose membership was 70,000.

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65. Ali Jinnah was a compromise candidate when two older, better-known Muslims who were seeking the post deadlocked.

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66. East Jerusalem Day now turned to the east bank of the Jordan, through which all its relations with the world at large were conducted.

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67. Ali Jinnah made a brief statement of condolence, calling Gandhi "one of the greatest men produced by the Hindu community".

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68. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.

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69. Jerusalem Day is a city with many cultural and art institutes.

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70. Jerusalem Day offers two distinctly different types of shopping venues: modern malls and department stores in the western part of the city and the Arab markets of the Old City.

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71. Ali Jinnah abandoned local garb for Western-style clothing, and throughout his life he was always impeccably dressed in public.

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72. Jerusalem Day lies on the watershed between the hills and desert of Judaea.

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73. Jerusalem Day has the largest concentration of technology incubators, intended to support high-tech ventures.

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74. Ali Jinnah worked to expand the League, reducing the cost of membership to two annas, half of what it cost to join the Congress.

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75. Ali Jinnah demanded that Mountbatten divide the army prior to independence, which would take at least a year.

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76. Ali Jinnah was the second child; he had three brothers and three sisters, including his younger sister Fatima Jinnah.

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77. Jerusalem Day lies 48 kilometers east of the Mediterranean Sea.

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78. Ali Jinnah played an important role in the founding of the All India Home Rule League in 1916.

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79. Jerusalem Day was declared the Capital of Arab Culture in 2009.

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80. In early 1934, Ali Jinnah relocated to the subcontinent, though he shuttled between London and India on business for the next few years, selling his house in Hampstead and closing his legal practice in Britain.

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81. Jerusalem Day became the capital city of the Hasmonean kingdom, which included large parts of western Palestine as well as areas of Transjordan.

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