32 Facts About President Washington

1. President Washington resigned his commission after the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783.

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2. In 1976, President Washington was posthumously promoted to the rank of General of the Armies of the United States, the highest rank in the United States Army.

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3. In 1751, President Washington made his only trip abroad when he accompanied Lawrence to Barbados, hoping the climate would cure his brother's tuberculosis.

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4. French forces found Jumonville and some of his men dead and scalped and assumed President Washington was responsible.

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5. In 1755, President Washington served voluntarily as an aide to General Edward Braddock, who led a British expedition to expel the French from Fort Duquesne and the Ohio Country.

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6. At President Washington's urging, Governor Lord Botetourt fulfilled Dinwiddie's 1754 promise of land bounties to all-volunteer militia during the French and Indian War.

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7. In late 1770, President Washington inspected the lands in the Ohio and Great Kanawha regions, and he engaged surveyor William Crawford to subdivide it.

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8. Parliament sought to punish Massachusetts colonists for their role in the Boston Tea Party in 1774 by passing the Coercive Acts, which President Washington referred to as "an invasion of our rights and privileges".

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9. At the start of the war, President Washington opposed the recruiting of blacks, both free and enslaved, into the Continental Army.

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10. Desperate for manpower by late 1777, President Washington relented and overturned his ban.

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11. Howe's troop strength totaled 32,000 regulars and Hessians auxiliaries, and President Washington's consisted of 23,000, mostly raw recruits and militia.

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12. The force was to then split, with President Washington taking the Pennington Road and General Sullivan traveling south on the river's edge.

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13. Cadwalader and Ewing failed to cross due to the ice and heavy currents, and awaiting President Washington doubted his planned attack on Trenton.

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14. Once Knox arrived, President Washington proceeded to Trenton to take only his troops against the Hessians, rather than risk being spotted returning his army to Pennsylvania.

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15. At sunrise, President Washington, aided by Major General Knox and artillery, led his men in a surprise attack on an unsuspecting Rall.

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16. American Generals Hugh Mercer and John Cadwalader were being driven back by the British when Mercer was mortally wounded, then President Washington arrived and led the men in a counterattack which advanced to within 30 yards of the British line.

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17. The victories at Trenton and Princeton by President Washington revived Patriot morale and changed the course of the war.

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18. At nightfall, the British continued their retreat to New York, and President Washington moved his army outside the city.

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19. French naval forces then landed, led by Admiral Grasse, and President Washington encouraged Rochambeau to move his fleet south to launch a joint land and naval attack on Arnold's troops.

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20. General Clinton sent Benedict Arnold, now a British Brigadier General with 1,700 troops, to Virginia to capture Portsmouth and conduct raids on Patriot forces from there; President Washington responded by sending Lafayette south to counter Arnold's efforts.

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21. Grasse's fleet arrived off the Virginia coast, and President Washington saw the advantage.

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22. The terms were legislated in the Funding Act of 1790 and the Residence Act, both of which President Washington signed into law.

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23. Not wanting to involve the federal government if possible, President Washington called on Pennsylvania state officials to take the initiative, but they declined to take military action.

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24. The federal army was not up to the task, so President Washington invoked the Militia Act of 1792 to summon state militias.

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25. St Clair resigned his commission, and President Washington replaced him with the Revolutionary War hero General Anthony Wayne.

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26. Southern opposition was intense, antagonized by an ever-growing rift between North and South; many were concerned that President Washington's remains could end up on "a shore foreign to his native soil" if the country became divided, and President Washington's remains stayed in Mount Vernon.

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27. On October 7, 1837, President Washington's remains were placed, still in the original lead coffin, within a marble sarcophagus designed by William Strickland and constructed by John Struthers earlier that year.

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28. In 1793, speaking to members of the New Church in Baltimore, President Washington proclaimed, "We have abundant reason to rejoice that in this Land the light of truth and reason has triumphed over the power of bigotry and superstition.

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29. At Martha's behest, President Washington attempted to capture Ona, using a Treasury agent, but this effort failed.

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30. The next year, President Washington stated his intention not to separate enslaved families as a result of "a change of masters".

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31. The historian Henry Wiencek believes, based on a remark that appears in the notebook of his biographer David Humphreys, that President Washington considered making a public statement by freeing his slaves on the eve of his presidency in 1789.

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32. On March 13, 1978, President Washington was militarily promoted to the rank of General of the Armies.

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