58 Facts About Xiamen


Xiamen, known as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.

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Xiamen Island possessed a natural harbor in Yundang Bay, but Fujian's international trade was largely concentrated to Quanzhou or to Guangzhou in Guangdong.

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Ever since the 12th century, Xiamen was an important origin for many migrants to Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines.

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In 2006, Xiamen was ranked as China's second-"most suitable city for living", as well as China's "most romantic leisure city" in 2011.

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Xiamen is one of the top 100 cities in the world by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index.

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Xiamen had always been known as Tong'an County since antiquity until Republic of China Era of the 20th century, followed by administrative zoning restructures and naming changes.

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Xiamen Island was described as Jiahe Islet of Tong'an County during the Song dynasty .

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Island's name of ?? was restored in 1933, along with Xiamen being administratively planned as a city, the first of its kind in Fujian province.

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Xiamen is the atonal pinyin romanization of the characters' pronunciation in Mandarin.

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Xiamen Island is the fourth largest island in Fujian province.

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Xiamen waters include Xiamen Port, Outer Harbor Area, Maluan Bay, Tongan Bay, Jiulong River's estuary area and the waterway on the east side.

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Xiamen has a monsoonal humid subtropical climate, characterised by long, hot and humid summers and short, mild and dry winters.

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Settlement on the southeastern shore of Xiamen Island developed as a seaport under the Song, although legal foreign trade was restricted to nearby Quanzhou, which administered the area.

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Nonetheless, Xiamen was captured in 1841 between Guangzhou and Zhoushan.

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Xiamen being too large to garrison, a small force was left to hold Gulangyu.

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Xiamen was a center of Protestant missionaries in China; the missions operated the city's two hospitals.

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The merchants of Xiamen were thought among the richest and most entrepreneurial and industrious in China, but the city was widely accounted the dirtiest city in China.

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Similar propaganda on Kinmen face Xiamen, reading "Three Principles of the People Unite China".

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When Deng Xiaoping initiated his Opening Up Policy, Xiamen was made one of the first four special economic zones in 1980, with special investment and trade regulations attracting foreign investment, particularly from overseas Chinese.

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On 18 April 1988, Xiamen was promoted to sub-provincial status and began to be specially considered in China's state planning.

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In 2006, Xiamen was ranked as China's 2nd-"most suitable city for living", as well as China's "most romantic leisure city" in 2011.

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Xiamen is the famous hometown of overseas Chinese with a sizable population of overseas Chinese, returned overseas Chinese and relatives of overseas Chinese.

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Indigenous language is Hokkien, a main branch of Southern Min, with Tong'an dialect being the most populous and pevalent, while Xiamen dialect is mostly defined in Southwest quarter of Xiamen Island, and section of Haicang District is of Zhangzhou dialect.

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Xiamen is a sub-provincial city of Fujian with direct jurisdiction over 6 districts.

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Xiamen focuses on the development of five major industries – electronic information, equipment manufacturing, tourism and culture, modern logistics, and financial services.

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Xiamen is one of China's regions with rapid development of the TFT liquid crystal display industry.

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Xiamen has gathered integrated manufacturing enterprises in such fields as complete computers, mobile phones, mobile phone lenses, micro motors, flexible circuit boards, bluetooth and wireless access equipment, and positioning and navigation sensors, as well assupporting enterprises of basic components, accessories, external equipment and IT services.

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Xiamen is home to more than 200 integrated circuit enterprises which form an industrial chain covering IC design, manufacturing, testing, equipment and materials as well as applications.

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Software and information services industry in Xiamen covers various fields including the platform economy, industrial application software, animation and games and cloud computing and information security.

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Xiamen has been honored as the Top Tourist City in China, a Demonstration City of Tourism and Leisure in China and one of China's most romantic leisure cities.

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The holiday tourism popularity and tourist satisfaction in Xiamen has long been at the forefront in China, and its inbound tourism and foreign exchange earnings have been ranked in China's top 10.

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In 2018, Xiamen held a total of 229 exhibitions, with a total exhibition area of 2.

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Xiamen has seen rapid development in creative design, the film industry and high-end artworks in recent years.

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Xiamen has been approved as a national modern logistics innovation and development city, a national cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zone, a smart logistics city and a logistics standardization pilot zone, and a demonstration city for the standardization of cold chain circulation of agricultural products.

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Xiamen has formed a freight hub integrating the southeast coastal area highways and railroads.

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Xiamen is a pilot city for the regional agglomeration of emerging industries in bio-medicine, with a total output value of 58.

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Xiamen Biobay is the incubation center for local bio-medicine achievements.

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Urban modern agriculture in Xiamen covers the planting industry, animal husbandry, agricultural and sideline products, the food processing industry, rural tourism and ecological leisure agriculture.

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At present, Xiamen is working on a road system containing two inner and outer ring roads as well as eight supplementary roads.

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Xiamen subway initiated construction on 1 April 2014 and was put into experimental operation on 31 December 2017.

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At the beginning of 2017, Xiamen built the country's first and the world's longest aerial cycle-way.

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Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport in northeastern Xiamen Island is a main air hub in East China with flights to over 90 domestic and international destinations.

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Xiamen has now launched 187 routes to 128 cities, and is developing into an international air transit hub covering Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania.

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Xiamen holds a strong network to Southeast Asian cities like Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Jakarta, Cebu, Siem Reap, Phnom Penh, Phuket Island, Bali, Singapore, Ho Chi Minh City, and Sabah, to serve the large communities of southern Fujian's overseas diaspora and the increasing tourism flows.

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Xiamen began offering 144-hour visa-free transit services to foreign travelers from 53 countries on 1 January 2019.

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Xiamen has passenger ferry services to cities along the coast of China as well as the neighbouring island of Kinmen to the east, which is administered by the Republic of China on Taiwan.

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In 2021, Xiamen ranked among the top 13 ports in the world for container freight.

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Xiamen is an important base in Fujian province for making medium-sized and large container vessels and yachts.

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Xiamen is well known as a continuing frontline in the Chinese Civil War, with the nearby Kinmen Islands, Republic of China .

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Flavor of old Xiamen has become the reason why young people with artistic talents like to go to Shapowei.

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Chen Zhaowei, the 48-year-old native Xiamen curator, said the museum is inspired by and named for The Analects of Confucius and means 'incessant' in Chinese.

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Xiamen is known for its music, puppet shows, Gezai Opera, and temple celebration events.

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Xiamen is one of the origins of gongfu tea ceremony with a profound tea culture.

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Bead embroidery in Xiamen has small pearls, glass beads and jewels embroidered on the cloth, creating the shining glory, colorful decorations, clear layout and a strong sense of art with stereoscopic impression.

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Xiamen was a skilled doctor and Taoist practitioner who was credited with performing medical miracles, including applying eye drops to a dragon's eye and removing a foreign object from a tiger's throat.

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Xiamen's deified status was officially recognized by the Hongxi Emperor of the Ming dynasty who conferred on him the title of “Imperial Inspector at Heavenly Gate, Miracle Doctor of Compassion Relief, Great Taoist Immortal, and the Long-lived, Unbounded, Life Protection Emperor“.

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Xiamen is very upright in disciplining himself and fulfilling his official responsibilities.

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Xiamen met two envoys when he passed Small Yingling Mountain, which is in present Xiang'an district.

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