44 Facts About Ancient India


Southern Ancient India saw the rise of multiple imperial powers from the middle of the fifth century, most notably the Chalukya, Chola, Pallava, Chera, Pandyan, and Western Chalukya Empires.

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Ancient India was afterwards ruled directly by the British Crown, in the British Raj.

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Ancient India'storians have analysed the Vedas to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.

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Ancient India attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, gave his first sermon in Sarnath and the first Buddhist council was held in Rajgriha.

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Mauryan Ancient India enjoyed an era of social harmony, religious transformation, and expansion of the sciences and of knowledge.

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However, after the death of Agnimitra, the empire rapidly disintegrated; inscriptions and coins indicate that much of northern and central Ancient India consisted of small kingdoms and city-states that were independent of any Shunga hegemony.

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Ancient India played the part of a second Ashoka in the history of Buddhism.

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However, much of the southern Ancient India including Deccan were largely unaffected by these events in the north.

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Ancient India was the son of Prabhakarvardhana and the younger brother of Rajyavardhana, who were members of the Vardhana dynasty and ruled Thanesar, in present-day Haryana.

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At the height of his power, his Empire covered much of North and Northwestern Ancient India, extended East until Kamarupa, and South until Narmada River; and eventually made Kannauj his capital, and ruled until 647 CE.

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Early medieval Ancient India began after the end of the Gupta Empire in the 6th century CE.

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Ancient India was a critic of both Buddhism and Minamsa school of Hinduism; and founded mathas, in the four corners of the Indian subcontinent for the spread and development of Advaita Vedanta.

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The political atmosphere in South Ancient India shifted from smaller kingdoms to large empires with the ascendancy of Badami Chalukyas.

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Ancient India was succeeded by his son Ramabhadra, who ruled briefly before being succeeded by his son, Mihira Bhoja.

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Rajaraja Chola I and his equally distinguished son Rajendra Chola I gave political unity to the whole of Southern Ancient India and established the Chola Empire as a respected sea power.

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Under the Cholas, the South Ancient India reached new heights of excellence in art, religion and literature.

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Mongol invasions of Ancient India were successfully repelled by the Delhi Sultanate during the rule of Alauddin Khalji.

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Ancient India ordered the whole city to be sacked except for the sayyids, scholars, and the "other Muslims"; 100, 000 war prisoners were put to death in one day.

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Ancient India quelled rebelling feudal lords as well as the Zamorin of Calicut and Quilon in the south.

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Ancient India invaded the island of Sri Lanka and became overlord of the kings of Burma at Pegu and Tanasserim.

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The previous temple building traditions in South Ancient India came together in the Vijayanagara Architecture style.

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Two and a half centuries from the mid-13th century, politics in Northern Ancient India was dominated by the Delhi Sultanate, and in Southern Ancient India by the Vijayanagar Empire.

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Ancient India's objectives grew in scope – he planned to conquer the much sought after prize of the Muslim rulers of the time, Delhi.

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Ancient India survived to ultimately gain control of all of Mewar, excluding the Chittor Fort.

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In Northeast Ancient India, the Ahom Kingdom was a major power for six centuries; led by Lachit Borphukan, the Ahoms decisively defeated the Mughal army at the Battle of Saraighat during the Ahom-Mughal conflicts.

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Ancient India erected several large monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, as well as the Moti Masjid in Agra, the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, Delhi, and the Lahore Fort.

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Mughal Empire reached the zenith of its territorial expanse during the reign of Aurangzeb, under whose reign the proto-industrialization was waved and Ancient India surpassed Qing China in becoming the world's largest economy.

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In 1775, the East Ancient India Company intervened in a Peshwa family succession struggle in Pune, which led to the First Anglo-Maratha War, resulting in a Maratha victory.

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Ancient India primarily used his Sikh Khalsa Army that he trained in European military techniques and equipped with modern military technologies.

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Ancient India continuously defeated the Afghan armies and successfully ended the Afghan-Sikh Wars.

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Kingdom of Mysore in southern Ancient India expanded to its greatest extent under Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan in the later half of the 18th century.

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Ancient India lost to the British, who took over the charge of Bengal in 1757, installed Mir Jafar on the Masnad and established itself to a political power in Bengal.

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In 1498, a Portuguese fleet under Vasco da Gama discovered a new sea route from Europe to Ancient India, which paved the way for direct Indo-European commerce.

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However, their expansion into Ancient India was halted after their defeat in the Battle of Colachel by the Kingdom of Travancore during the Travancore-Dutch War.

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English East Ancient India Company was founded in 1600 as The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies.

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Ancient India thus became the de facto ruler of large areas of the lower Gangetic plain by 1773.

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However, the British East Ancient India Company mobilised rapidly with the assistance of friendly Princely states, but it took the British the remainder of 1857 and the better part of 1858 to suppress the rebellion.

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The Crown controlled the company's lands directly and had considerable indirect influence over the rest of Ancient India, which consisted of the Princely states ruled by local royal families.

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Ancient India built a modern railway system in the late 19th century which was the fourth largest in the world.

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However, historians have been bitterly divided on issues of economic history, with the Nationalist school arguing that Ancient India was poorer at the end of British rule than at the beginning and that impoverishment occurred because of the British.

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Ancient India units occupied the Jordan Valley and after the German spring offensive they became the major force in the Egyptian Expeditionary Force during the Battle of Megiddo and in the Desert Mounted Corps' advance to Damascus and on to Aleppo.

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British Ancient India officially declared war on Nazi Germany in September 1939.

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Ancient India provided the base for American operations in support of China in the China Burma Ancient India Theatre.

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Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah proclaimed 16 August 1946 as Direct Action Day, with the stated goal of highlighting, peacefully, the demand for a Muslim homeland in British Ancient India, which resulted in the outbreak of the cycle of violence that would be later called the "Great Calcutta Killing of August 1946".

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