46 Facts About UK


The UK became the world's first industrialised country and was the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Nearby Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown Dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation.

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The war left the UK severely weakened and financially dependent on the Marshall Plan, but it was spared the total war that devastated eastern Europe.

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UK was the third country to develop a nuclear weapons arsenal, but the new post-war limits of Britain's international role were illustrated by the Suez Crisis of 1956.

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In 1960 the UK was one of the seven founding members of the European Free Trade Association, but in 1973 it left to join the European Communities .

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The UK is still a key global player diplomatically and militarily.

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UK broadly supported the United States' approach to the War on Terror in the early years of the 21st century.

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The devolved Scottish Government and UK government agreed for a referendum to be held on Scottish independence in 2014.

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The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 and completed its withdrawal in full at the end of that year.

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In 1993 10 per cent of the UK was forested, 46 per cent used for pastures and 25 per cent cultivated for agriculture.

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UK contains four terrestrial ecoregions: Celtic broadleaf forests, English Lowlands beech forests, North Atlantic moist mixed forests, and Caledon conifer forests.

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General elections, the UK is divided into 650 constituencies, each of which is represented by a member of Parliament .

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Scottish Government and Parliament have wide-ranging powers over any matter that has not been specifically reserved to the UK Parliament, including education, healthcare, Scots law and local government.

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The UK Parliament restricts the three devolved parliaments' legislative competence in economic areas through an Act passed in 2020.

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Today the UK has three distinct systems of law: English law, Northern Ireland law and Scots law.

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The UK is said to have a "Special Relationship" with the United States and a close partnership with France – the "Entente cordiale" – and shares nuclear weapons technology with both countries; the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance is considered to be the oldest binding military alliance in the world.

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The UK is closely linked with the Republic of Ireland; the two countries share a Common Travel Area and co-operate through the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference and the British-Irish Council.

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The UK is a major centre for engine manufacturing: in 2015 around 2.

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Aerospace industry of the UK is the second- or third-largest national aerospace industry in the world depending upon the method of measurement and has an annual turnover of around £30 billion.

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The UK retains a significant, though much reduced fishing industry.

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Between 2004 and 2008 the UK produced 7 per cent of the world's scientific research papers and had an 8 per cent share of scientific citations, the third and second-highest in the world .

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The UK was ranked eighth among national European rail systems in the 2017 European Railway Performance Index assessing intensity of use, quality of service and safety.

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In 2006, the UK was the world's ninth-largest consumer of energy and the 15th-largest producer.

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The UK is home to a number of large energy companies, including two of the six oil and gas "supermajors" – BP and Shell.

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In 2009, the UK was the 13th-largest producer of natural gas in the world and the largest producer in the EU.

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In 2012, the UK had 16 reactors normally generating about 19 per cent of its electricity.

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Unlike Germany and Japan, the UK intends to build a new generation of nuclear plants from about 2018.

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The UK is one of the best sites in Europe for wind energy, and wind power production is its fastest-growing supply, in 2019 it generated almost 20 per cent of the UK's total electricity.

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UK has a history of non-white immigration with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to at least the 1730s during the period of the African slave trade.

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The UK has the oldest Chinese community in Europe, dating to the arrival of Chinese seamen in the 19th century.

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Since the 1990s, there has been substantial diversification of the immigrant population, with migrants to the UK coming from a much wider range of countries than previous waves, which tended to involve larger numbers of migrants coming from a relatively small number of countries.

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The UK applied temporary restrictions to citizens of Romania and Bulgaria, which joined the EU in January 2007.

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The late-2000s recession in the UK reduced economic incentive for Poles to migrate to the UK, making migration temporary and circular.

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The proportion of foreign-born people in the UK remains slightly below that of many other European countries.

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Immigration is contributing to a rising population, with arrivals and UK-born children of migrants accounting for about half of the population increase between 1991 and 2001.

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Various styles of music have become popular in the UK, including the indigenous folk music of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

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Ceremonial music is performed to mark Remembrance Sunday across the UK, including the Traditional Music played at the Cenotaph.

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UK is home to world-renowned symphonic orchestras and choruses such as the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony Chorus.

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UK's works have dominated London's West End since the late 20th century and have been a commercial success worldwide.

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The modern UK is known to produce some of the most prominent English-speaking rappers along with the United States, including Stormzy, Kano, Yxng Bane, Ramz and Skepta.

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Major schools of art in the UK include: the six-school University of the Arts London, which includes the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design and Chelsea College of Art and Design; Goldsmiths, University of London; the Slade School of Fine Art ; the Glasgow School of Art; the Royal College of Art; and The Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art .

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BBC, founded in 1922, is the UK's publicly funded radio, television and Internet broadcasting corporation, and is the oldest and largest broadcaster in the world.

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London dominates the media sector in the UK: national newspapers and television and radio are largely based there, although Manchester is a significant national media centre.

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The UK hosted the first F1 Grand Prix in 1950 at Silverstone, the location of the British Grand Prix held each year in July.

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Snooker is another of the UK's popular sporting exports, with the world championships held annually in Sheffield.

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UK's holds Poseidon's three-pronged trident and a shield, bearing the Union Flag.

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