27 Facts About UK

1. The UK is unusual in that its constitution is not written down in a single document.

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2. The UK is on track to be the largest nation in Europe by the second half of this century.

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3. In 2010, scouting in the UK experienced its biggest growth since 1972, taking total membership to almost 500,000.

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4. The UK remains one of the leading providers of technological innovations, providing inventions as diverse as the World Wide Web by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, and Viagra by British scientists at Pfizer's Sandwich, Kent.

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5. Since then, the UK has continued this tradition of technical creativity.

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6. The UK has the oldest railway networks in the world, with the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opened in 1825, the first public railway to use steam locomotives.

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7. The UK is expected to officially leave the EU by the end of March 2019.

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8. The UK has an extensive trade relationship with other EU members through its single market membership, and economic observers have warned the exit will jeopardize its position as the central location for European financial services.

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9. The UK hosted the first F1 Grand Prix in 1950 at Silverstone, the current location of the British Grand Prix held each year in July.

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10. The UK has proved successful in the international sporting arena in rowing.

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11. The modern UK is known to produce some of the most prominent world rappers along with the United States, including Stormzy, Kano, Yxng Bane, Ramz and Skepta.

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12. The UK is home to world-renowned symphonic orchestras and choruses such as the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony Chorus.

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13. The UK applied temporary restrictions to citizens of Romania and Bulgaria, which joined the EU in January 2007.

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14. The UK has the oldest Chinese community in Europe, dating to the arrival of Chinese seamen in the 19th century.

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15. In 2011, the UK produced 18.3 million tonnes of coal.

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16. In 2009, the UK was the 13th-largest producer of natural gas in the world and the largest producer in the EU.

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17. The UK is home to a number of large energy companies, including two of the six oil and gas "supermajors"—BP and Royal Dutch Shell.

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18. In 2006, the UK was the world's ninth-largest consumer of energy and the 15th-largest producer.

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19. The UK retains a significant, though much reduced fishing industry.

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20. The UK is a major centre for engine manufacturing: in 2015 around 2.4 million engines were produced.

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21. In 2015, the UK produced around 1.6 million passenger vehicles and 94,500 commercial vehicles.

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22. The UK is closely linked with the Republic of Ireland; the two countries share a Common Travel Area and co-operate through the British-Irish Intergovernmental Conference and the British-Irish Council.

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23. Today the UK has three distinct systems of law: English law, Northern Ireland law and Scots law.

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24. The UK remains a full member of the EU during this time.

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25. The UK is still a key global player diplomatically and militarily.

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26. In 1960 the UK was one of the seven founding members of the European Free Trade Association, but in 1973 it left to join the European Communities (EC).

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27. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally.

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