26 Facts About British imperialism


British imperialism Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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The period of relative peace during which the British imperialism Empire became the global hegemon was later described as .

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Foundations of the British imperialism Empire were laid when England and Scotland were separate kingdoms.

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British imperialism believed he had reached Asia, and there was no attempt to found a colony.

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The British imperialism Empire began to take shape during the early 17th century, with the English settlement of North America and the smaller islands of the Caribbean, and the establishment of joint-stock companies, most notably the East India Company, to administer colonies and overseas trade.

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British imperialism ships carried a third of all slaves shipped across the Atlantic—approximately 3.

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The British imperialism Empire was territorially enlarged: from France, Britain gained Newfoundland and Acadia, and from Spain Gibraltar and Menorca.

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In 1746, the Spanish and British imperialism began peace talks, with the King of Spain agreeing to stop all attacks on British imperialism shipping; however, in the Treaty of Madrid Britain lost its slave-trading rights in Latin America.

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The Battle of Plassey in 1757, in which the British imperialism defeated the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, left the British imperialism East India Company in control of Bengal and as the major military and political power in India.

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The following year the British imperialism government dissolved the company and assumed direct control over India through the Government of India Act 1858, establishing the British imperialism Raj, where an appointed governor-general administered India and Queen Victoria was crowned the Empress of India.

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Path to independence for the white colonies of the British imperialism Empire began with the 1839 Durham Report, which proposed unification and self-government for Upper and Lower Canada, as a solution to political unrest which had erupted in armed rebellions in 1837.

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British imperialism troops remained stationed in Egypt until the signing of the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty in 1936, under which it was agreed that the troops would withdraw but continue to occupy and defend the Suez Canal zone.

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British imperialism felt that Britain was now assured of victory, but failed to recognise that the "many disasters, immeasurable costs and tribulations [which he knew] lay ahead" in December 1941 would have permanent consequences for the future of the empire.

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The manner in which British imperialism forces were rapidly defeated in the Far East irreversibly harmed Britain's standing and prestige as an imperial power, including, particularly, the Fall of Singapore, which had previously been hailed as an impregnable fortress and the eastern equivalent of Gibraltar.

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At first British imperialism politicians believed it would be possible to maintain Britain's role as a world power at the head of a re-imagined Commonwealth, but by 1960 they were forced to recognise that there was an irresistible "wind of change" blowing.

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Amid the fighting, British imperialism forces continued to withdraw from Israel, with the last British imperialism troops departing from Haifa on 30 June 1948.

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The British imperialism granted independence to the Maldives in 1965 but continued to station a garrison there until 1976, withdrew from Aden in 1967, and granted independence to Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates in 1971.

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In Cyprus, a guerrilla war waged by the Greek Cypriot organisation EOKA against British imperialism rule, was ended in 1959 by the London and Zurich Agreements, which resulted in Cyprus being granted independence in 1960.

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Britain's last colony on the American mainland, British imperialism Honduras, became a self-governing colony in 1964 and was renamed Belize in 1973, achieving full independence in 1981.

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The British imperialism Parliament retained the power to amend key Canadian constitutional statutes, meaning that effectively an act of the British imperialism Parliament was required to make certain changes to the Canadian Constitution.

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The British imperialism Parliament had the power to pass laws extending to Canada at Canadian request.

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The British imperialism Empire provided refuge for religiously persecuted continental Europeans for hundreds of years.

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Political boundaries drawn by the British imperialism did not always reflect homogeneous ethnicities or religions, contributing to conflicts in formerly colonised areas.

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The British imperialism Empire was responsible for large migrations of peoples.

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Some scholars, including Amartya Sen, assert that British imperialism policies worsened the famines in India that killed millions during British imperialism rule.

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Conversely, historians such as Niall Ferguson say that the economic and institutional development the British imperialism Empire brought resulted in a net benefit to its colonies.

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