89 Facts About Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher

1. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher won the first ballot but by too small of a margin for outright victory.

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2. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher set up the Margaret Thatcher Foundation to continue to promote her ideas and undertook lecture tours; she was particularly gratified by her welcome in the United States, "the seat of radical modern conservative thinking and almost my second home.

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3. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ushered in a decade of painful reform, privatization, deregulation and tax cutting.

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4. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher continued her lifelong makeover: changing hairstyle, clothes and, through further voice coaching, lowering her voice from its gratingly high pitch to a more commanding contralto.

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5. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher won a place to study chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford, in 1943.

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6. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher broke the mold—she was the first woman prime minister in Europe and the longest-serving head of government in Britain in the 20th century.

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7. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was heavily criticized for allowing US warplanes to fly from British bases to attack targets in Libya.

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8. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher demonstrated her confidence, determination, and decisiveness again during the Falklands War—on April 2, 1982, Argentina invaded the British-held Falkland Islands and South Georgia Island.

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9. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher attended a local state school and won a place at Somerville College, Oxford, where she studied chemistry from 1943 to 1947.

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10. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership.

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11. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.

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12. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office.

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13. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher embarked on an ambitious program of privatization of state-owned industries and public services, including aerospace, television and radio, gas and electricity, water, the state airline, and British Steel.

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14. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher initially pressed on for party leadership in 1990, but eventually yielded to pressure from party members and announced her intentions to resign on November 22, 1990.

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15. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher won a seat in the House of Commons in 1959, representing Finchley.

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16. In 1952, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher put politics aside for a time to study law.

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17. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher resigned in 1991 due to unpopular policy and power struggles in her party.

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18. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher told him there was absolutely no difference between them and that "apartheid must go".

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19. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher dismissed the idea of a watercolour painting of a scene in London.

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20. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher wrote in her 1993 memoir, The Downing Street Years, that Zhao's "moderation and reasonableness" were a great handicap to him in his career.

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21. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became a member of the Lords in 1992 with a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire.

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22. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's became Lady Thatcher in her own right upon her ennoblement in the House of Lords.

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23. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was the first woman entitled to full membership rights as an honorary member of the Carlton Club on becoming Leader of the Conservative Party in 1975.

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24. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became a Privy Councillor upon becoming Secretary of State for Education and Science in 1970.

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25. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's is the protagonist in two films, played by Lindsay Duncan in Margaret and by Meryl Streep in The Iron Lady (2011), in which she is depicted as suffering from dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

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26. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was the subject or the inspiration for 1980s protest songs.

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27. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was voted the fourth-greatest British prime minister of the 20th century in a poll of 139 academics organised by MORI.

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28. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ranked highest among living persons in the 2002 BBC poll 100 Greatest Britons.

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29. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's remains the longest-serving Prime Minister officially referred to as such, as the post was only officially given recognition in the order of precedence in 1905.

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30. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's is said to have regarded New Labour as her greatest achievement.

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31. In January 1978, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher criticised Labour immigration policy with the goal of attracting voters away from the Front and to the Conservatives.

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32. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's promised in 1982 that the highly popular National Health Service was "safe in our hands".

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33. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher generally supported the welfare state, while proposing to rid it of abuses.

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34. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was a public supporter of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism and the resulting Prague Process, and sent a public letter of support to its preceding conference.

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35. In February 2007 Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became the first living British prime minister to be honoured with a statue in the Houses of Parliament.

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36. In 2006, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher attended the official Washington, DC memorial service to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the 11 September attacks on the US.

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37. On 11 June 2004, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher attended the state funeral service for Ronald Reagan.

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38. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's cited the help he gave Britain during the Falklands War.

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39. In 1998, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called for the release of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet when Spain had him arrested and sought to try him for human rights violations.

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40. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's became an advocate of Croatian and Slovenian independence.

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41. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was hired by the tobacco company Philip Morris as a "geopolitical consultant" in July 1992, for $250,000 per year and an annual contribution of $250,000 to her foundation.

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42. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher initially declared her intention to "fight on and fight to win" the second ballot, but consultation with her Cabinet persuaded her to withdraw.

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43. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher removed Geoffrey Howe as Foreign Secretary in July 1989 after he and Lawson had forced her to agree to a plan for Britain to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

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44. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was challenged for the leadership of the Conservative Party by the little-known backbench MP Sir Anthony Meyer in the 1989 leadership election.

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45. In November 1989, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher hailed the fall of the Berlin Wall as "a great day for freedom".

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46. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's expressed concern that a united Germany would align itself more closely with the Soviet Union and move away from NATO.

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47. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's said: "We have not successfully rolled back the frontiers of the state in Britain, only to see them re-imposed at a European level, with a European super-state exercising a new dominance from Brussels.

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48. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's attempted to preserve trade with South Africa while persuading the government there to abandon apartheid.

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49. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's applauded the coalition victory as a backbencher, while warning that "the victories of peace will take longer than the battles of war".

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50. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was in the US on a state visit when Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein invaded neighbouring Kuwait in August 1990.

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51. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became closely aligned with the Cold War policies of US President Ronald Reagan, based on their shared distrust of Communism.

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52. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's went on a state visit to the Soviet Union in 1984 and met with Gorbachev and Council of Ministers Chairman Nikolai Ryzhkov.

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53. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was one of the first Western leaders to respond warmly to reformist Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

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54. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's condemned the invasion, said it showed the bankruptcy of a detente policy, and helped convince some British athletes to boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics.

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55. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher appointed Lord Carrington, a senior member of the party and former Minister of Defence, as Foreign Minister in 1979.

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56. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher helped to put climate change, acid rain and general pollution in the British mainstream in the late 1980s, calling for a global treaty on climate change in 1989.

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57. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher supported an active climate protection policy; she was instrumental in the passing of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, the founding of the Hadley Centre for Climate Research and Prediction, the establishment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the ratification of the Montreal Protocol on preserving the ozone.

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58. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher narrowly escaped injury in an IRA assassination attempt at a Brighton hotel early in the morning on 12 October 1984.

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59. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher refused to countenance a return to political status for the prisoners, having declared "Crime is crime is crime; it is not political", Nevertheless, the British government privately contacted republican leaders in a bid to bring the hunger strikes to an end.

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60. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher always resisted privatising British Rail and was said to have told Transport Secretary Nicholas Ridley: "Railway privatisation will be the Waterloo of this government.

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61. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher reflected on the end of the strike by saying that "if anyone has won" it was "the miners who stayed at work" and all those "that have kept Britain going".

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62. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher refused to meet the union's demands and compared the miners' dispute to the Falklands War, declaring in a speech in 1984: "We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands.

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63. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher believed that the trade unions were harmful to both ordinary trade unionists and the public.

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64. In 1976, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher gave her "Britain Awake" foreign policy speech which lambasted the Soviet Union for seeking world dominance.

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65. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher reacted to this by branding the Labour government "chickens", and Liberal Party leader David Steel joined in, criticising Labour for "running scared".

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66. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's toured the United States in 1975, and visited again in 1977, when she met US President Jimmy Carter.

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67. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher intended to promote neoliberal economic ideas at home and abroad.

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68. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher had already begun to work on her presentation on the advice of Gordon Reece, a former television producer.

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69. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher became Conservative Party leader and Leader of the Opposition on 11 February 1975; she appointed Whitelaw as her deputy.

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70. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's defeated Heath on the first ballot and he resigned the leadership.

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71. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was not initially seen as the obvious replacement, but she eventually became the main challenger, promising a fresh start.

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72. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's held that few children would suffer if schools were charged for milk, but agreed to provide younger children with ⅓ pint daily for nutritional purposes.

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73. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher supported Lord Rothschild's 1971 proposal for market forces to affect government funding of research.

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74. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was highly criticized for the speed in which she carried this out.

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75. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's voted in favour of David Steel's bill to legalise abortion, as well as a ban on hare coursing.

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76. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was the youngest woman in history to receive such a post, and among the first MPs elected in 1959 to be promoted.

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77. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was elected as MP for the seat after a hard campaign in the 1959 election.

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78. In 1954, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was defeated when she sought selection to be the Conservative party candidate for the Orpington by-election of January 1955.

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79. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's lost on both occasions to Norman Dodds, but reduced the Labour majority by 6,000, and then a further 1,000.

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80. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was influenced at university by political works such as Friedrich Hayek's The Road to Serfdom, which condemned economic intervention by government as a precursor to an authoritarian state.

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81. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher came from a Liberal family but stood as an Independent.

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82. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's spent her childhood in Grantham, where her father owned two grocery shops.

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83. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership.

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84. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her subsequent support for the Community Charge was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet.

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85. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's survived an assassination attempt in the Brighton hotel bombing in 1984.

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86. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher introduced a series of economic policies intended to reverse high unemployment and Britain's struggles in the wake of the Winter of Discontent and an ongoing recession.

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87. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.

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88. In 1975, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become Leader of the Opposition, the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom.

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89. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office.

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