114 Facts About Aleksei Navalny


Alexei Anatolievich Aleksei Navalny is a Russian opposition leader, lawyer, and anti-corruption activist.

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Aleksei Navalny has organised anti-government demonstrations and run for office to advocate reforms against corruption in Russia, and against president Vladimir Putin and his government, who avoids referring directly to Navalny by name.

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Aleksei Navalny is the leader of the Russia of the Future party and founder of the Anti-Corruption Foundation .

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Aleksei Navalny is recognised by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience, and was awarded the Sakharov Prize for his work on human rights.

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In December 2014, Aleksei Navalny received another suspended sentence for embezzlement.

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In December 2016, Aleksei Navalny launched his presidential campaign for the 2018 presidential election but was barred by Russia's Central Election Commission after registering due to his prior criminal conviction; the Russian Supreme Court subsequently rejected his appeal.

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In 2018, Aleksei Navalny initiated Smart Voting, a tactical voting strategy intended to consolidate the votes of those who oppose United Russia, to the party of seats in elections.

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Aleksei Navalny was medically evacuated to Berlin and discharged a month later.

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Aleksei Navalny accused Putin of being responsible for his poisoning, and an investigation implicated agents from the Federal Security Service.

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In January 2021, Aleksei Navalny returned to Russia and was immediately detained on accusations of violating parole conditions while he was in Germany which were imposed as a result of his 2014 conviction.

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Aleksei Navalny's father is from Zalissia, a former village near the Belarus border that was relocated due to the Chernobyl disaster in Ivankiv Raion, Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine.

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Aleksei Navalny grew up in Obninsk, about 100 kilometres southwest of Moscow, but spent his childhood summers with his grandmother in Ukraine, acquiring proficiency in the Ukrainian language.

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Aleksei Navalny graduated from Kalininets secondary school in 1993.

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Aleksei Navalny graduated from the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia in 1998 with a law degree.

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Aleksei Navalny then studied securities and exchanges at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, graduating in 2001.

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Aleksei Navalny received a scholarship to the Yale World Fellows program at Yale University in 2010.

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In 2009, Aleksei Navalny became an advocate and a member of advocate's chamber of Kirov Oblast .

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In 2000, following the announcement of a new law that would raise the electoral threshold for State Duma elections, Aleksei Navalny joined the Russian United Democratic Party Yabloko.

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Aleksei Navalny organised television debates via state-run Moscow channel TV Center; two initial episodes showed high ratings, but the show was suddenly cancelled.

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In late 2006, Aleksei Navalny appealed to the Moscow City Hall, asking it to grant permission to conduct the nationalist 2006 Russian march.

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In July 2007, Aleksei Navalny resigned from the post of Deputy Chief of the Moscow branch of the party.

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Aleksei Navalny was consequently expelled from Yabloko for demanding a resignation of the chairman of the party, Grigory Yavlinsky.

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Also in 2007, Aleksei Navalny co-founded the National Russian Liberation Movement, known as NAROD, that sets immigration policy as a priority.

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Aleksei Navalny was kept in the same prison as several other activists, including Ilya Yashin and Sergei Udaltsov, the unofficial leader of the Vanguard of Red Youth, a radical Russian communist youth group.

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Aleksei Navalny said the concept of political parties was "outdated", and added his participation would make maintaining the party more difficult.

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Aleksei Navalny reacted to that with a tweet saying, "[…] A salvo of all guns".

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On 8 January 2014, Aleksei Navalny's party filed documents for registration for the second time.

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Aleksei Navalny added that the party would appeal to the European Court of Human Rights, and expressed confidence that the party would be restored and admitted to elections.

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Thanks to Aleksei Navalny's strong campaign, his result grew over time, weakening Sobyanin's, and in the end of the campaign, he declared the runoff election was "a hair's breadth away".

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Aleksei Navalny fared better in the center and southwest of Moscow, which have higher income and education levels.

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Aleksei Navalny then challenged the decision in the Supreme Court of Russia, but the court ruled that the election results were legitimate.

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Aleksei Navalny declared merging parties would invoke bureaucratic difficulties and question the legitimacy of party's right to participate in federal elections without signatures collecting.

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Aleksei Navalny announced his entry into the presidential race on 13 December 2016, however on 8 February 2017, the Leninsky district court of Kirov repeated its sentence of 2013 and charged him with a five-year suspended sentence.

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Aleksei Navalny announced that he would pursue the annulment of the sentence that clearly contradicts the decision of ECHR.

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Aleksei Navalny referred to the Russian Constitution, which deprives only two groups of citizens of the right to be elected: those recognised by the court as legally unfit and those kept in places of confinement by a court sentence.

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Aleksei Navalny was attacked by unknown assailants outside his office in the Anti-Corruption Foundation on 27 April 2017.

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Aleksei Navalny reportedly lost 80 percent of the sight in his right eye.

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Aleksei Navalny was released from jail on 27 July 2017 after spending 25 days of imprisonment.

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Aleksei Navalny was sentenced to 20 days in jail on 2 October 2017 for calls to participate in protests without approval from state authorities.

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In December 2017, Russia's Central Electoral Commission barred Aleksei Navalny from running for president in 2018, citing Aleksei Navalny's corruption conviction.

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Aleksei Navalny called for a boycott of the 2018 presidential election, stating his removal meant that millions of Russians were being denied their vote.

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Aleksei Navalny led protests on 28 January 2018 to urge a boycott of Russia's 2018 presidential election.

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Aleksei Navalny was arrested on the day of the protest and then released the same day, pending trial.

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Two of Aleksei Navalny's associates were given brief jail terms for urging people to attend unsanctioned opposition rallies.

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Aleksei Navalny stated on 5 February 2018 the government was accusing Aleksei Navalny of assaulting an officer during the protests.

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In July 2019, Aleksei Navalny was arrested, first for ten days, and then, almost immediately, for 30 days.

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Vasilieva questioned the diagnosis and suggested the possibility that Aleksei Navalny's condition was the result of "the damaging effects of undetermined chemicals".

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On 29 July 2019, Aleksei Navalny was discharged from hospital and taken back to prison, despite the objections of his personal physician who questioned the hospital's motives.

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Aleksei Navalny said that the changes would allow President Putin to become "president for life".

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In November 2010, Aleksei Navalny published confidential documents about Transneft's auditing.

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In May 2011, Aleksei Navalny launched RosYama, a project that allowed individuals to report potholes and track government responses to complaints.

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Aleksei Navalny posted scans of documents to his blog showing the money transfers.

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The posting was described by the Financial Times as Aleksei Navalny's "answering shot" for having had his emails leaked during his arrest in the previous month.

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Shortly after his allegations against Zolotov, Aleksei Navalny was imprisoned for staging protests in January 2018.

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In March 2017, Aleksei Navalny published the investigation He Is Not Dimon to You, accusing Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev of corruption.

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Aleksei Navalny's team said that it managed to confirm reporting about Putin's alleged lovers Svetlana Krivonogikh and Alina Kabaeva.

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Aleksei Navalny was released on his own recognizance but instructed not to leave Moscow.

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Aleksei Navalny stated that authorities "are doing it to watch the reaction of the protest movement and of Western public opinion […] So far they consider both of these things acceptable and so they are continuing along this line".

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Aleksei Navalny announced that he will pursue the annulment of the sentence that clearly contradicts the decision of ECHR.

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In 2008 Oleg Aleksei Navalny made an offer to Yves Rocher Vostok, the Eastern European subsidiary of Yves Rocher between 2008 and 2012, to accredit Glavpodpiska, which was created by Aleksei Navalny, with delivering duties.

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Aleksei Navalny claimed the arrest was politically motivated, and he filed a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights.

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Aleksei Navalny again pleaded not to prolong the arrest, but the plea was rejected again.

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Aleksei Navalny broke his home arrest to attend the rally and was immediately arrested by the police and brought back home.

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Aleksei Navalny declared the case was "a frame up", but he added he would pay the sum as this could affect granting his brother's parole.

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Aleksei Navalny declared he could not cover the requested sum; he called the suit a "drain-dry strategy" by authorities.

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Aleksei Navalny, who denied the allegations in the two previous cases, sought to laugh off news of the third inquiry with a tweet stating "Fiddlesticks […]".

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Aleksei Navalny alleged that Russian billionaire and businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin was linked to a company called Moskovsky Shkolnik that had supplied poor quality food to schools which had caused a dysentery outbreak.

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On 20 August 2020 Aleksei Navalny fell ill during a flight from Tomsk to Moscow and was hospitalised in the Emergency City Clinical Hospital No 1 in Omsk, where the plane had made an emergency landing.

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Aleksei Navalny said that since he arose that morning, Navalny had consumed nothing but a cup of tea, acquired at the airport.

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On 21 December 2020 Aleksei Navalny released a video showing him impersonating a Russian security official and speaking over the phone with a man identified by some investigative news media as a chemical weapons expert named Konstantin Kudryavtsev.

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On 17 January 2021 Aleksei Navalny returned to Russia by plane from Germany, arriving at Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow after the flight was diverted from Vnukovo Airport.

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Amnesty International declared Aleksei Navalny to be a prisoner of conscience and called on the Russian authorities to release him.

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Aleksei Navalny described the procedure as "ultimate lawlessness" and called on his supporters to take to the streets.

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Aleksei Navalny later returned to court for a trial on slander charges, where he was accused of defaming a World War II veteran who took part in a promotional video backing the constitutional amendments last year.

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Aleksei Navalny called the case politically motivated and accused authorities of using the case to smear his reputation.

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Aleksei Navalny told lawyers that he is woken up eight times a night by guards announcing to a camera that he is in his prison cell.

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Aleksei Navalny complained that he was not allowed to read newspapers or have any books including a copy of the Quran that he planned to study.

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Test results obtained by Aleksei Navalny's lawyers showed heightened levels of potassium in the blood, which can bring on cardiac arrest, and sharply elevated creatinine levels, indicating impaired kidneys.

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Aleksei Navalny's newspapers are still being censored as articles are cut out before the newspaper is given to him.

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On 28 December 2021, it was reported that Anti-Corruption Foundation, Citizens' Rights Protection Foundation and 18 natural persons including Alexei Aleksei Navalny filed a cassation appeals to the Second Cassation Ordinary Court.

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On 28 June 2022, Aleksei Navalny lost his appeal on his designations as "extremist" and "terrorist".

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In February 2022 Alexei Aleksei Navalny faced an additional 10 to 15 years in prison in a new trial on fraud and contempt of court charges.

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Aleksei Navalny was tried in a makeshift courtroom in the corrective colony at which he was imprisoned.

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Aleksei Navalny linked his recent treatment to his attempts to establish a labour union in his penal colony and his "6000" list of individuals he has called to be sanctioned.

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In October 2010 Aleksei Navalny was the winner of an online poll for the mayor of Moscow, held by Kommersant and Gazeta.

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In May 2011, the Russian government began a criminal investigation into Aleksei Navalny, widely described in media as "revenge", and by Aleksei Navalny himself as "a fabrication by the security services".

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In 2011, Aleksei Navalny stated that he considered himself a "nationalist democrat".

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Aleksei Navalny previously participated in the "Russian march" from 2006, a parade uniting Russian nationalist groups of all stripes, and was one of the co-organisers of the 2011 march.

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Aleksei Navalny has called for ending federal subsidies to the "corrupt" and "ineffective" governments of Chechnya and other republics part of the North Caucasus.

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In 2013, after ethnic riots in a Moscow district took place, which were sparked by a murder committed by a migrant, Aleksei Navalny sympathised with the anti-immigration movement and commented that ethnic tensions and crimes are inevitable because of failing immigration policies by the state.

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Aleksei Navalny was described as "shar[ing] the establishment view that Russia is entitled to a say in the domestic affairs of its post-Soviet neighbors, " and has supported the expansion of the Eurasian Economic Union.

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Aleksei Navalny called on Russia to recognize and militarily support Abkhazia and South Ossetia in 2008, following the Russo-Georgian War.

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In 2016, Aleksei Navalny spoke against the Russian intervention in the Syrian civil war, believing that there are internal problems in Russia that need to be dealt with rather than to get involved in foreign wars.

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In March 2014, after Russia's annexation of Crimea, Aleksei Navalny urged further sanctions against officials and businessmen linked to Putin and proposed his own list of sanctions, saying that previous US and EU sanctions were "mocked".

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In October 2014, Aleksei Navalny suggested the fate of Crimea should be resolved by holding a new and fair referendum.

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Aleksei Navalny said that Putin's government should stop "sponsoring the war" in Donbas.

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In February 2022, Aleksei Navalny compared the recognition of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic by Russia to when Soviet leaders deployed troops to Afghanistan in 1979, describing both events as a distraction to the population from real issues.

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Aleksei Navalny said that he believes that while Putin won't allow Ukraine to develop, Russia will pay the same price, and that Putin needed to be removed to save Russia.

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On 2 March 2022, Aleksei Navalny urged Russian citizens to stage daily protests against Russia's invasion of Ukraine, saying Russians should not be a "nation of frightened cowards" and calling Putin "an insane little tsar".

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Aleksei Navalny was named "Person of the Year 2009" by Russian business newspaper Vedomosti and by stock exchange observer Stock in Focus.

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On 22 April 2010, Aleksei Navalny was awarded the Finance magazine prize in the nomination "for protecting the rights of minority shareholders".

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Aleksei Navalny was a World Fellow at Yale University's World Fellows Program, aimed at "creating a global network of emerging leaders and to broaden international understanding" in 2010.

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Aleksei Navalny was listed by Time magazine in 2012 as one of the world's 100 most influential people, the only Russian on the list.

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In 2013, Aleksei Navalny came in at No 48 among "world thinkers" in an online poll by the UK magazine Prospect.

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In 2015, Alexei and Oleg Aleksei Navalny were chosen to receive the "Prize of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience 2015".

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In June 2017, Aleksei Navalny was included Time magazine's list of the World's 25 Most Influential People on the Internet.

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Aleksei Navalny was named "Politician of the Year 2019" by readers of Vedomosti.

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Aleksei Navalny was nominated for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize by multiple Norwegian members of parliament.

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On 8 June 2021, Aleksei Navalny's daughter accepted the Moral Courage Award at the Geneva Summit for Human Rights and Democracy on behalf of her father.

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In September 2021, Aleksei Navalny was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people.

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Aleksei Navalny is married to Yulia Navalnaya and has two children, daughter Daria, currently an undergraduate student at Stanford University, and son Zakhar.

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Aleksei Navalny was originally an atheist, but has since become an member of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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On 27 January 2021, Aleksei Navalny was again arrested as he was returning to Russia, after having had to leave the country for medical treatment in Germany for a poisoning attempt against his life that had recently occurred in Russia.

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Aleksei Navalny was listed by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience in May 2021, meaning that AI holds that Aleksei Navalny's incarceration is primarily due to his political beliefs.

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