19 Facts About Erdogan

1. In 2013, Erdogan was placed second on the Simon Wiesenthal Center's list of the year's top ten antisemitic personalities, after Erdogan blamed the "interest rate lobby" as organizers of the mass protests against him in cities around the country in June 2013.

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2. In 2015, Erdogan made a statement in which he endorsed the old Ottoman term kulliye to refer to university campuses rather than the standard Turkish word kampus.

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3. In February 2018, President Erdogan expressed Turkish support of the Republic of Macedonia's position during negotiations over the Macedonia naming dispute saying that Greece's position is wrong.

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4. In December 2017, President Erdogan issued a warning to Donald Trump, after the US President acknowledged Jerusalem as Israel's capitol.

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5. In June 2017 during a speech, Erdogan called the isolation of Qatar as "inhumane and against Islamic values" and that "victimising Qatar through smear campaigns serves no purpose".

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6. In January 2017, Erdogan said that the withdrawal of Turkish troops from Northern Cyprus is "out of the question" and Turkey will be in Cyprus "forever".

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7. In March 2015, Erdogan said that Turkey supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against the Shia Houthis and forces loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

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8. In February 2016 Erdogan threatened to send the millions of refugees in Turkey to EU member states, saying: "We can open the doors to Greece and Bulgaria anytime and we can put the refugees on buses.

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9. On 20 July 2016, President Erdogan declared the state of emergency, citing the coup d'etat attempt as justification.

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10. On 29 October 2014, Erdogan was due to hold a Republic Day reception in the new palace to commemorate the 91st anniversary of the Republic of Turkey and to officially inaugurate the Presidential Palace.

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11. On 1 July 2014, Erdogan was named the AKP's presidential candidate in the Turkish presidential election.

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12. In late 2004, Erdogan signed a free trade agreement with Syria.

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13. In February 2013, Erdogan called Zionism a "crime against humanity", comparing it to Islamophobia, antisemitism, and fascism.

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14. In 2002, Erdogan inherited a Turkish economy that was beginning to recover from a recession as a result of reforms implemented by Kemal Dervis.

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15. In 2011, Erdogan ordered the tearing-down of the Statue of Humanity, a Turkish-Armenian friendship monument in Kars, which was commissioned in 2006 and represented a metaphor of the rapprochement of the two countries after many years of dispute over the events of 1915.

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16. In December 2008, Erdogan criticised the I Apologize campaign by Turkish intellectuals to recognize the Armenian Genocide, saying, "I neither accept nor support this campaign.

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17. In 2001, Erdogan established the Justice and Development Party.

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18. In December 1997 in Siirt, Erdogan recited a poem from a work written by Ziya Gokalp, a pan-Turkish activist of the early 20th century.

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19. In 2016, Turkey under Erdogan began a crackdown on freedom of the press; in 2016 and 2017, more journalists have been incarcerated in Turkey than in any other country.

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