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146 Facts About Jayalalithaa
Jayalalithaa rose to prominence as a leading film actress in the mid-1960s.
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Jayalalithaa appeared in 140 films between 1961 and 1980, primarily in the Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages.
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Jayalalithaa received praise for her versatility as an actress and her dancing skills, earning the sobriquet "Queen of Tamil Cinema".
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Jayalalithaa's political rise was rapid; within a few years she became AIADMK propaganda secretary and was elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's Parliament.
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In 1991, Jayalalithaa became chief minister for the first time and Tamil Nadu's youngest.
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Jayalalithaa earned a reputation for centralising state power among a coterie of bureaucrats; her council of ministers, whom she often shuffled around, were largely ceremonial in nature.
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AIADMK returned to power in 2001, although Jayalalithaa was personally disbarred from contesting due to the corruption cases.
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Jayalalithaa's government received attention for its extensive social-welfare agenda, which included several subsidised -branded goods such as canteens, bottled water, salt and cement.
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Jayalalithaa returned as chief minister after being acquitted in May 2015.
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Jayalalithaa had one son and three daughters—Ambujavalli, Vedavalli, and Padmavalli.
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The name Jayalalithaa was adopted at the age of one for the purpose of using the name in schools and colleges.
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Jayalalithaa's father, Jayaram, was a lawyer but never worked and squandered most of the family's wealth.
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Jayalalithaa started acting in drama and films using the screen name Vidyavathy.
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Jayalalithaa remained under the care of her mother's sister Padmavalli and maternal grandparents from 1950 to 1958 in Mysore.
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In later interviews, Jayalalithaa spoke emotionally about how she missed her mother growing up in a different city.
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Jayalalithaa had the opportunity to visit her mother during the summer holidays.
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Jayalalithaa completed her education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School.
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Jayalalithaa excelled at school and was offered a government scholarship to pursue further education.
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Jayalalithaa joined Stella Maris College, Chennai; however, discontinued her studies due to pressure from her mother and became a film actress.
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Jayalalithaa herself held the house warming ceremony of her residence Veda Nilayam on 15 May 1972, early in the morning, followed by dinner and a Veena recital by classical musician Chitti babu in the evening.
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Jayalalithaa's brother was unhappy with adoption of Sudhakaran, a relative of Sasikala, as foster son of Jayalalithaa.
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Jayalalithaa had adopted Sasikala's nephew Sudhakaran in 1995 and disowned him in 1996.
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Jayalalithaa learnt Bharatnatyam and dance forms under K J Sarasa.
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Jayalalithaa had learnt Kuchipudi under Padma Bhushan Guru Dr Vempati Chinna Satyam.
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Jayalalithaa became an accomplished dancer and gave her debut dance performance at the Rasika Ranjani Sabha in Mylapore in May 1960.
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Jayalalithaa had been taken to the studio by her mother as she was shooting in the same premises for a different film.
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Sandhya agreed and Jayalalithaa was swiftly dressed up as Parvathy and the scene was shot in Sri Shaila Mahatme.
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Jayalalithaa promised to finish all shooting within two months in order not to interfere with her education.
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Since Jayalalithaa would be studying for her PUC in two months' time, Sandhya had declined the offer initially.
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Jayalalithaa had forgotten all about films after acting in her Kannada debut film and had got ready to attend classes at Stella Maris as she had the ambition to be a lawyer.
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Jayalalithaa played the leading role in plays such as Malathi, The Whole Truth, and the dance drama Kaveri Thanda Kalaiselvi between 1960 and 1966.
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Jayalalithaa made her debut as the lead actress in Kannada films while still in school, age 15, in Chinnada Gombe.
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Jayalalithaa appeared in a dance sequence of a song named "Malligeya Hoovinantha" in the movie Amarashilpi Jakanachari.
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Jayalalithaa made her debut in Tamil theatre in April 1964, when she played a sales girl in the drama named Undersecretary.
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Jayalalithaa's performance caused Parthasarathy to make her lead heroine in a drama named Malathy.
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Jayalalithaa made her debut in Telugu films as lead actress in Manushulu Mamathalu opposite Akkineni Nageswara Rao.
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Jayalalithaa was the first heroine to appear in skirts in Tamil films.
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Jayalalithaa starred in 28 box-office hit films with M G Ramachandran between 1965 and 1973.
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Jayalalithaa donated gold jewelleries she had to the then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
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Jayalalithaa became a regular heroine for production house Devar films from 1966.
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Jayalalithaa was given on-screen credit as Kalai Selvi in most of her Tamil films since 1967.
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Between 1965 and 1973, Jayalalithaa starred opposite M G Ramachandran in a number of successful films, including Aayirathil Oruvan, Kavalkaran, Adimai Penn, Engal Thangam, Kudiyirundha Koyil, Ragasiya Police 115 and Nam Naadu.
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Jayalalithaa acted in six films with R Muthuraman as a romantic leading pair—Dhikku Theriyadha Kaattil, Thirumangalyam, Kanavan Manaivi, Avandhan Manidhan, Suryagandhi, Anbu Thangai and Muthuraman played supporting roles in Kannan En Kadhalan, Major Chandrakanth, Naan, En Annan, Adi Parashakti, Thaer Thiruvizha, Dharmam Engey, Chitra Pournami and Oru Thaai Makkal.
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In 1972, Jayalalithaa was invited to perform with her dance troupe in Mysore for the Dussehra exhibition.
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Jayalalithaa responded by issuing a statement contradicting him in an interview to Vikatan magazine that she was a Tamilian and not a Kannadiga.
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The mob surrounded Jayalalithaa and demanded that she withdraw her statement of being a Tamil woman.
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Jayalalithaa received the title "" from then Chief Minister Karunanidhi and won Tamil Nadu Cinema Fan Award for Best Actress for her 100th film Thirumangalyam in 1974.
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Jayalalithaa holds the record for having been the Tamil actress with maximum silver jubilee hits in her career—85 hits of 92 Tamil films as main female lead heroine and she has all 28 films in Telugu as silver jubilee hits.
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Jayalalithaa was the highest-paid Indian actress from 1965 to 1980.
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Jayalalithaa made guest appearances in nine films and six of her films were dubbed into Hindi.
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Jayalalithaa had 119 box office hits between 1961 and 1980, of the total 125 films she did as the main female lead.
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Jayalalithaa made a brief appearance in 1992's Neenga Nalla Irukkanum.
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Jayalalithaa acquired the reputation of being a multi-faceted actor equally comfortable in fantasy and mythological genres as well as in modern social dramas and hence in 1969, in Tamil Conference, she was given the tag of "Kaveri Thandha Kalai Selvi".
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Jayalalithaa wrote a column-"Ennangal Sila" in magazine Thuglak in the 1970s.
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Jayalalithaa wrote a short story, "Oravin Kaidhigal", for the magazine Kalki, "Manadhai Thotta Malargal" for Thaai magazine in the early 1980s.
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Jayalalithaa wrote about her own life in a serialised memoir in the Tamil weekly magazine Kumudam.
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An Australia-based journalist Brian Laul took over the mantle of Piousji wrote an article specifying Jayalalithaa was trying for a comeback but was not being offered any roles.
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Jayalalithaa chose to respond to him by writing a letter, in which she mentioned that she was not struggling to make any comeback and that she turned down the offer from producer Balaji to star in Billa alongside Rajinikanth.
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Jayalalithaa added she wanted to pursue other interests and was not interested in pursuing her film career any further.
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Jayalalithaa was elected to that body in 1984 and retained her seat until 1989.
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Jayalalithaa was one of the 16 special guests who were invited to participate the state dinner hosted by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in honor of Erstwhile Yugoslavian President Veselin Djuranovic at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
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Jayalalithaa was given key responsibilities, including in the implementation of the landmark noon-meals scheme when M G Ramachandran was the chief minister and this taught her lessons in welfare politics.
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Jayalalithaa successfully led the campaign in the 1984 general elections, in which the AIADMK allied with the Congress.
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Jayalalithaa faction was supported by senior leaders like V R Nedunchezhiyan, Aranganayagam, KKSSR Ramachandran, Thirunavukarasar.
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Jayalalithaa was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989 as a representative of the Bodinayakkanur constituency.
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Jayalalithaa become the First Indian actress become opposition leader in india and become India's first Lady to become as opposition Leader.
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On 25 March 1989, as claimed by the party and a section of the members present in the assembly, amidst heavy violence inside the house among the ruling DMK party members and the opposition, Jayalalithaa was attacked by the ruling DMK members in front of the assembly speaker M Tamilkudimagan when violence broke out between DMK and AIADMK MLA's after she called Karunanidhi a criminal and when he named and shamed her.
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At the peak of the situation, Jayalalithaa was about to leave the house, she vowed to not enter the house "until as a Chief Minister".
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Jayalalithaa's government was the first to introduce police stations operated solely by women.
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Jayalalithaa began to be referred as Thanga Gopuram, Thanga Silai by her followers.
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Jayalalithaa-led AIADMK lost power in the 1996 elections, when it won 4 of the 168 seats that they contested.
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Jayalalithaa was herself defeated by the DMK candidate in Bargur constituency.
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Jayalalithaa was arrested on 7 December 1996 and was remanded to 30-day judicial custody in connection with the Colour TV scam, which charged her with receiving kickbacks to the tune of 10.
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Jayalalithaa earlier filed an anticipatory bail in the trial court, which was rejected on 7 December 1996.
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Jayalalithaa was acquitted in the case on 30 May 2000 by the trial court and the High Court upheld the order of the lower court.
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Jayalalithaa is not interested in politics and I have no intention to bring her into politics.
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Jayalalithaa was barred from standing as a candidate in the 2001 elections because she was found guilty of criminal offences, including allegedly obtaining property belonging to a state-operated agency called TANSI.
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Jayalalithaa was convicted in Pleasant Stay hotel case on 3 February 2000 by a trial court to one-year imprisonment.
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Jayalalithaa was acquitted in both the TANSI and Pleasant Stay Hotel cases on 4 December 2001 and the Supreme Court upheld the order of the High Court on 24 November 2003.
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AIADMK returned to power in 2001, although Jayalalithaa was personally disbarred from contesting due to the corruption cases.
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Jayalalithaa's appointment was legally voided in September 2001 when the Supreme Court ruled that she could not hold it whilst convicted of criminal acts.
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Subsequently, in March 2002, Jayalalithaa assumed the position of Chief Minister once more, having been acquitted of some charges by the Madras High Court.
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Jayalalithaa started the Veeranam project to deliver water to the dry metropolis of Chennai.
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Jayalalithaa even extended help to the Sri Lankan government by instating officers to guide the island nation in the process of rehabilitation.
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On 11 May 2006, Jayalalithaa resigned as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu following her party's defeat in the assembly elections.
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On 29 May 2006, Jayalalithaa was unanimously elected as Leader of the Opposition by AIADMK MLAs replacing O Panneerselvam soon after two days, she single-handedly took on the ruling DMK in the house in the wake of the suspension of all 60 AIADMK legislators for the entire session.
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Jayalalithaa had raised the retrieval of the islet in her maiden Independence Day address in August 1991.
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In 1991, Jayalalithaa led Tamil Nadu Assembly adopted a resolution demanding the retrieval of Katchatheevu.
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Jayalalithaa undertook a day-long fast in March 2009, a couple of months before the Parliamentary elections demanding an immediate ceasefire.
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Jayalalithaa accused then Chief Minister Karunanidhi led DMK government in the State and the UPA government at the Centre of "criminal neglect in failing to provide relief and succour to the Sri Lankan Tamils".
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Jayalalithaa expressed her opposition not only to the presence of Sri Lankan military personnel receiving training anywhere in India but to that of Sri Lankan sportspersons.
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Jayalalithaa's government received attention for its extensive social-welfare agenda, which included several subsidised "Amma"-branded goods such as.
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Jayalalithaa was sworn in as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the fourth time on 16 May 2011, having been elected unanimously as the leader of the AIADMK party subsequent to those elections.
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On 19 December 2011, Jayalalithaa expelled her long-time close friend V K Sasikala and 13 others from the AIADMK after she became aware that Sasikala and her family were working against her.
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Sasikala in her written apology mentioned that she had no ambitions either in the party or in the government and wanted to serve Jayalalithaa and added that she became aware of misdeeds done by her family members when Jayalalithaa was in power.
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Jayalalithaa's government ensured members of the transgender community could enrol for education and job.
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Jayalalithaa announced in 2012, the Vision 2023 document which embodied a strategic plan for infrastructure development which included raising the per capita income of residents to $10,000 per annum, matching Human Development Index to that of developed countries by 2023, providing high-quality infrastructure all over the State, making Tamil Nadu the knowledge capital and innovation hub of India.
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In February 2013, Jayalalithaa Government inaugurated the state-run Subsidised food programme called Amma Unavagam, which was later praised by economist and Nobel laureate Amartya Sen in his book An Uncertain Glory – India and its Contradictions and inspired by many states in India.
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Jayalalithaa had initiated a case in the Supreme Court to uphold the state's rights on Mullaperiyar Dam issue In 2006.
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On 29 August 2014, Jayalalithaa was re-elected as the General Secretary of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for the 7th Consecutive term, Making her the longest serving general secretary of the party till date.
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On 27 September 2014, Jayalalithaa was sentenced to four years in jail and fined 100 crore by the Special Court in Bengaluru.
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Jayalalithaa was automatically disqualified from the post of chief minister and the legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu, and thus became the first sitting Indian chief minister to be disqualified.
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Acquittal allowed her to hold office and on 23 May 2015, Jayalalithaa was sworn in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time.
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Jayalalithaa was re-elected by the electorate of the Radhakrishnan Nagar of North Chennai in the by-election held on 27 June 2015.
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Jayalalithaa's government initiated Global Investors Summit in 2015 which saw over Rs 2.
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Jayalalithaa was again elected as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in the May 2016 elections.
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Jayalalithaa retained the Radhakrishnan Nagar Assembly constituency with a margin of 39,545 votes over her DMK rival.
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Jayalalithaa increased the freedom fighters monthly pension to Rs 12,000, family pension and increased special pension to Rs 6,000.
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Jayalalithaa stimulated a cult following, and adoring supporters often termed her "Adi Parashakti".
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Jayalalithaa made sure the respect and loyalty of the functionaries of the party was there for everyone to see.
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Jayalalithaa was a chief minister of state by this time.
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Jayalalithaa was accused of using government money to celebrate the grand marriage.
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Jayalalithaa was later sentenced for 4 years in jail in 2014 for corruption related to the marriage and the Disproportionate assets case.
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Jayalalithaa owns a Guinness Book of World Records for conducting the luxury wedding.
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On 11 May 2015, Jayalalithaa was acquitted of all charges by the High Court of Karnataka.
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Jayalalithaa was sentenced in February 2000 to one year's strict imprisonment, with the penalty fined Rs.
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Jayalalithaa was said to be suffering from a severe pulmonary infection and septicaemia, which were cured.
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Jayalalithaa's body was kept in state at her residence Veda Nilayam in Poes Garden until the wee hours of 6 December 2016 and later at Rajaji Hall for public to pay their tribute.
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On 12 September 2017, Late J Jayalalithaa was named the eternal general secretary of AIADMK at the AIADMK general council.
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On 27 January 2021, The memorial of Jayalalithaa was inaugurated by then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Edappadi K Palaniswami.
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Jayalalithaa wrote 4 full-fledged novels, columns for Bommai, Thuglak in the 1970s, short stories for Kalki, Thai in the 1980s.
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Jayalalithaa had an insatiable desire in her mind to write her autobiography, but it was not fulfilled until the last.
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Jayalalithaa carved many Short stories and Columns in Tamil and English.
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Jayalalithaa had written an anonymous critic article in 'Thuglak' magazine which focused on the harassment of a woman under the police custody somewhere in North India.
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Jayalalithaa focused on writing about Negligence of Indian doctors, Italian law for pregnant women and The possibility of astrology.
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Jayalalithaa is interested in reading, classical music, Western music, piano, swimming, cricket, tennis, basketball, chess, athletics and horse-riding.
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Jayalalithaa read Shakespeare's plays, Danielle Steel's Malice, Jung Chang's Wild Swans, Jean Plaidy's series on the Tudor dynasty, Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes, John Milton's Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained, Wayne Dyer's Wishes Fulfilled, Li Zhisui's The Private Life of Chairman Mao, Alexandre Dumas's The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo.
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Jayalalithaa liked books on history, geography, science, philosophy, religion, fiction, medicine and law.
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Jayalalithaa had a great interest in reading about Anglo-Saxon dynasties.
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