Erie is the fifth largest city in Pennsylvania after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, and Reading, and the largest city in Northwestern Pennsylvania, with a population of 94,831 at the 2020 census.
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The Erie-Meadville combined statistical area had a population of 369,331 at the 2010 census.
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Erie is roughly equidistant from Buffalo and Cleveland, each being about 100 miles away.
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Erie was an important shipbuilding, fishing, and railroad hub during the mid-19th century.
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Downtown Erie continued to grow for most of the 20th century, based on its manufacturing base.
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Erie was considered a wet city during the Prohibition Era in the United States.
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Erie won the All-America City Award in 1972, and was a finalist in 1961,1994,1995, and 2009.
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Erie's bedrock is Devonian shale and siltstone, overlain by glacial tills and stratified drift.
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Erie is laid out in a grid surrounding Perry Square in the downtown area.
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Erie has generally small ethnic neighborhoods, including a Little Italy.
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Erie's waterfront includes the Burger King Amphitheater and surrounding parkland, which hosts numerous festivals.
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Erie is third on The Daily Beasts list of snowiest places in the United States, averaging 78.
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On December 24 and 25,2017, Erie received 53 inches of snowfall, breaking a record for the largest two-day snowfall anywhere in Pennsylvania.
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Erie has long been declining in population due to the departure of factories and dependent businesses.
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Erie's population was spread evenly among all age groups, with the median being 34.
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Erie became an important city for iron and steel manufacturing during the Industrial Revolution and thrived well into the 20th century with firms such as Griswold Manufacturing, once the leader in cast-iron cookware.
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Erie is the corporate headquarters of the Erie Insurance Group and Marquette Savings Bank.
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Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine is a fast-growing educator and provider of quality healthcare in the city.
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Erie is home to several professional and amateur performing-arts groups.
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The Lake Erie Ballet is a professional company that performs well-known programs throughout the year.
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Erie is the hometown of Train lead singer, Patrick Monahan.
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Erie plays host to a number of semiprofessional and professional sports teams.
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Downtown Erie is surrounded by Presque Isle State Park, a National Natural Landmark.
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City of Erie is incorporated as a third-class city under Pennsylvania law.
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Erie is the largest city in Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district and is currently represented in Congress by Republican Mike Kelly, who was elected in 2010.
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The city of Erie is split by the 1st and 2nd Districts of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and is represented by Democrats Patrick Harkins and Robert E Merski, respectively.
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Erie is home to several colleges and universities, including Gannon University located in downtown Erie, and Mercyhurst University in the southeast part of the city.
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Erie is home of the Barber National Institute and its Elizabeth Lee Black School, which provides services and education for children and adults with mental disabilities.
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Erie is served by several AM and FM radio stations based in the city, and dozens of other nearby station broadcasts can be heard.
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Peach is a part of U S Route 19, whose northern terminus is in Erie and continues south, eventually reaching the Gulf of Mexico.
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Port of Erie is located on Presque Isle Bay, a natural harbor formed by Presque Isle.
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Sewage service in Erie is provided by the Erie Sewer Authority, and many outlying townships have partnerships with the Sewer Authority for service.
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Erie Fire Department is a full-time fire department and employs around 150 uniformed personnel.
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Erie has four official sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International:.
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