51 Facts About Nixon White House

1. Nixon White House left while devoting half his address to a recitation of his accomplishments in office.

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2. Nixon White House attempted to discredit the hearings as a partisan witch hunt, but some Republican senators took an active role in the investigations.

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3. Nixon White House was not informed about the details of each CRP undertaking, but he approved of the overall operation.

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4. Nixon White House was elected to a second term on November 7, 1972 in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history.

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5. Nixon White House feared the effect of another independent candidacy by George Wallace, and worked to defeat Wallace's 1970 gubernatorial campaign by contributing $400,000 to the unsuccessful campaign of Albert Brewer.

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6. Nixon White House was challenged in the Republican primaries by Pete McCloskey from California, who ran as an anti-war candidate, and John Ashbrook, who opposed detente.

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7. Nixon White House explored the possibility of establishing a new center-right party and running on a ticket with John Connally, but he ultimately chose to seek re-election as a Republican.

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8. Nixon White House had campaigned as an ERA supporter in 1968, though feminists criticized him for doing little to help the ERA or their cause after his election.

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9. Nixon White House endorsed the Equal Rights Amendment, which passed both houses of Congress in 1972 and was submitted to the state legislatures for ratification.

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10. Nixon White House sent a letter to Congress supporting a constitutional amendment to lower the voting age, and Congress quickly moved forward with a proposed constitutional amendment guaranteeing the 18 year-old vote.

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11. Nixon White House proposed reducing the number of government departments to eight.

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12. Nixon White House submitted two significant medical research initiatives to Congress in February 1971.

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13. Nixon White House called the conversation "the most historic phone call ever made from the White House".

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14. Nixon White House spoke with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin during their moonwalk.

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15. In 1970, Nixon White House extended the Philadelphia Plan to encompass all federal contracts worth more than $50,000, and in 1971 he expanded the plan to encompass women as well as racial minorities.

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16. Nixon White House established the Office of Minority Business Enterprise to promote the encourage the establishment of minority-owned businesses.

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17. Nixon White House pursued this policy by allowing the courts to receive the criticism for desegregation orders, which Nixon's Justice Department would then enforce.

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18. In February 1971, Nixon White House proposed more limited health insurance reform, an employee mandate to offer private health insurance if employees volunteered to pay 25 percent of premiums, the federalization of Medicaid for poor families with dependent minor children, and support for health maintenance organizations.

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19. Nixon White House advocated a "New Federalism", which would devolve power to state and local elected officials, but Congress was hostile to these ideas and enacted only a few of them.

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20. Nixon White House became closely involved in the proposal and, despite opposition from Arthur Burns and other conservatives, adopted Moynihan's plan as the central legislative proposal of his first year in office.

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21. Nixon White House believed that this system negatively affected the US balance of trade; the US experienced its first negative balance of trade of the 20th century in 1971.

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22. Nixon White House made fifteen international trips to 42 different countries during his presidency.

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23. Nixon White House made groundbreaking trips to several Eastern European nations, including Romania, Yugoslavia, and Poland.

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24. Early in his first term, Nixon White House pressured Israel over its nuclear program, and his administration developed a peace plan in which Israel would withdraw from the territories it conquered in the Six-Day War.

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25. Nixon White House would embark on a second trip to the Soviet Union in 1974, meeting with Brezhnev in Yalta.

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26. In May 1972, Nixon White House met with Leonid Brezhnev and other leading Soviet officials at the 1972 Moscow Summit.

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27. Nixon White House believed that expanding trade with the Soviet Union would help the US economy and could allow both countries to devote fewer resources to defense spending.

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28. Nixon White House made detente, the easing of tensions with the Soviet Union, one of his top priorities.

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29. Nixon White House recognized Taiwan as part of China, while the Chinese agreed to pursue a peaceful settlement in the dispute with the ROC.

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30. Nixon White House took office in the midst of the Cold War, a sustained period of geopolitical tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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31. In December 1972, Nixon White House ordered another massive bombing campaign, Operation Linebacker II, and domestic criticism of the operation convinced Nixon of the necessity to quickly reach a final agreement with North Vietnam.

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32. In 1971, Nixon White House ordered incursions into Laos to attack North Vietnamese bases, provoking further domestic unrest.

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33. In early 1970, Nixon White House sent US and South Vietnamese soldiers into Cambodia to attack North Vietnamese bases, expanding the ground war out of Vietnam for the first time.

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34. Nixon White House sought some arrangement which would permit American forces to withdraw, while leaving South Vietnam secure against attack.

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35. Regardless of his opinion of the war, Nixon White House wanted to end the American role in it without the appearance of an American defeat, which he feared would badly damage his presidency and precipitate a return to isolationism.

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36. At the time Nixon White House took office, there were over 500,000 American soldiers in Southeast Asia.

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37. Nixon White House used his authority under the 25th Amendment to nominate Gerald Ford for vice president.

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38. Nixon White House recruited former campaign rival George Romney to serve as the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, but Romney and Secretary of Transportation John Volpe quickly fell out favor as Nixon attempted to cut the budgets of their respective departments.

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39. Nixon White House created the Domestic Council, an organization charged with coordinating and formulating domestic policy.

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40. Nixon White House presided over the reorganization of the Bureau of the Budget into the more powerful Office of Management and Budget, further concentrating executive power in the White House.

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41. In foreign affairs, Nixon White House enhanced the importance of the National Security Council, which was led by National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger.

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42. Nixon White House promised "peace with honor" in the Vietnam War but did not release specifics of how he would accomplish this goal, resulting in media intimations that he must have a "secret plan".

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43. Nixon White House waged a prominent television advertising campaign, meeting with supporters in front of cameras.

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44. Nixon White House selected Maryland governor Spiro Agnew as his running mate, a choice which Nixon believed would unite the party, appealing to both Northern moderates and Southerners disaffected with the Democrats.

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45. Nixon White House established himself as the clear front-runner after a series of early primary victories.

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46. Nixon White House entered the race for the 1968 Republican presidential nomination confident that, with the Democrats torn apart over the war in Vietnam, a Republican had a good chance of winning the presidency in November, although he expected the election to be as close as in 1960.

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47. Nixon White House resigned from office in the face of near-certain impeachment.

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48. Nixon White House pursued a strategy of detente with the Soviet Union, resulting in the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and SALT I, the first two landmark arms control treaties of their kind.

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49. Nixon White House became the first US president to visit the People's Republic of China, taking advantage of the Sino-Soviet split and significantly altering the nature of the Cold War.

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50. Nixon White House ended American involvement in the Vietnam War, and his administration succeeded in achieving a negotiated settlement.

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51. In contrast, Nixon White House advocated a "New Federalism" domestic program model, one in which certain powers would devolve back to the states.

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