71 Facts About Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

1. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the leaders who objected to the time given to the British—he pressed Gandhi to demand immediate actions from the British.

FactSnippet No. 435,140 - en.wikipedia.org

2. In 1955, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was awarded Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.

FactSnippet No. 434,163 - en.wikipedia.org

3. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had written 30 letters to his daughter Indira Gandhi, when she was 10 years old and in a boarding school in Mussoorie, teaching about natural history and the story of civilisations.

FactSnippet No. 434,162 - en.wikipedia.org

4. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a prolific writer in English and wrote a number of books, such as The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History, and his autobiography, Toward Freedom.

FactSnippet No. 434,161 - en.wikipedia.org

5. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is praised for creating a system providing universal primary education, reaching children in the farthest corners of rural India.

FactSnippet No. 434,158 - en.wikipedia.org

6. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wanted to model India as a secular country; his secularist policies remain a subject of debate.

FactSnippet No. 434,157 - en.wikipedia.org

7. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru took the personal decision to send an Indian Navy frigate to the sea burial of Edwina Mountbatten in 1960.

FactSnippet No. 434,156 - en.wikipedia.org

8. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru ordered the raising of an elite Indian-trained "Tibetan Armed Force" composed of Tibetan refugees, which served with distinction in future wars against Pakistan in 1965 and 1971.

FactSnippet No. 434,155 - en.wikipedia.org

9. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru accepted the arbitration of the UK and World Bank, signing the Indus Waters Treaty in 1960 with Pakistani ruler Ayub Khan to resolve long-standing disputes about sharing the resources of the major rivers of the Punjab region.

FactSnippet No. 434,153 - en.wikipedia.org

10. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had a powerful ally in the US president Dwight Eisenhower who, if relatively silent publicly, went to the extent of using America's clout in the International Monetary Fund to make Britain and France back down.

FactSnippet No. 434,152 - en.wikipedia.org

11. In 1956, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had criticised the joint invasion of the Suez Canal by the British, French and Israelis.

FactSnippet No. 434,151 - en.wikipedia.org

12. In 1954, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru signed with China the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known in India as the Panchsheel, a set of principles to govern relations between the two states.

FactSnippet No. 434,150 - en.wikipedia.org

13. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was then at the peak of his popularity in India; the only criticism came from the far-right.

FactSnippet No. 434,149 - en.wikipedia.org

14. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was hailed by many for working to defuse global tensions and the threat of nuclear weapons after the Korean War.

FactSnippet No. 434,145 - en.wikipedia.org

15. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru envisioned the development of nuclear weapons and established the Atomic Energy Commission of India in 1948.

FactSnippet No. 434,144 - en.wikipedia.org

16. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru sought to establish warm and friendly relations with China in 1950, and hoped to act as an intermediary to bridge the gulf and tensions between the communist states and the Western bloc.

FactSnippet No. 434,143 - en.wikipedia.org

17. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru pioneered the policy of non-alignment and co-founded the Non-Aligned Movement of nations professing neutrality between the rival blocs of nations led by the US and the USSR.

FactSnippet No. 434,142 - en.wikipedia.org

18. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru led newly independent India from 1947 to 1964, during its first years of independence from British rule.

FactSnippet No. 434,141 - en.wikipedia.org

19. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru championed secularism and religious harmony, increasing the representation of minorities in government.

FactSnippet No. 434,140 - en.wikipedia.org

20. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru launched initiatives such as the provision of free milk and meals to children to fight malnutrition.

FactSnippet No. 434,139 - en.wikipedia.org

21. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru outlined a commitment in his five-year plans to guarantee free and compulsory primary education to all of India's children.

FactSnippet No. 434,138 - en.wikipedia.org

22. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru refused to reorganise states on either religious or ethnic lines.

FactSnippet No. 434,137 - en.wikipedia.org

23. In December 1953, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru appointed the States Reorganisation Commission to prepare for the creation of states on linguistic lines.

FactSnippet No. 434,136 - en.wikipedia.org

24. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared the new republic to be a "Union of States".

FactSnippet No. 434,135 - en.wikipedia.org

25. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru believed that the establishment of basic and heavy industry was fundamental to the development and modernisation of the Indian economy.

FactSnippet No. 434,134 - en.wikipedia.org

26. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had led the Congress to a major victory in the 1957 elections, but his government was facing rising problems and criticism.

FactSnippet No. 434,132 - en.wikipedia.org

27. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru emerged from this—his ninth and last detention—only on 15 June 1945.

FactSnippet No. 434,131 - en.wikipedia.org

28. In October 1940, Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, abandoning their original stand of supporting Britain, decided to launch a limited civil disobedience campaign in which leading advocates of Indian independence were selected to participate one by one.

FactSnippet No. 434,130 - en.wikipedia.org

29. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hurried back from a visit to China, announcing that, in a conflict between democracy and Fascism, "our sympathies must inevitably be on the side of democracy.

FactSnippet No. 434,128 - en.wikipedia.org

30. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had hoped to elevate Maulana Azad as the pre-eminent leader of Indian Muslims, but in this, he was undermined by Gandhi, who continued to treat Jinnah as the voice of Indian Muslims.

FactSnippet No. 434,127 - en.wikipedia.org

31. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared that the only two parties that mattered in India were the British Raj and Congress.

FactSnippet No. 434,126 - en.wikipedia.org

32. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru appointed the National Planning Commission in 1938 to help in framing such policies.

FactSnippet No. 434,125 - en.wikipedia.org

33. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was given the responsibility of planning the economy of a future India.

FactSnippet No. 434,124 - en.wikipedia.org

34. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru firmly placed India on the side of democracy and freedom during a time when the world was under the threat of fascism.

FactSnippet No. 434,123 - en.wikipedia.org

35. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru developed good relations with governments all over the world.

FactSnippet No. 434,122 - en.wikipedia.org

36. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was elected in his place and held the presidency for two years.

FactSnippet No. 434,121 - en.wikipedia.org

37. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru elaborated the policies of the Congress and a future Indian nation under his leadership in 1929.

FactSnippet No. 434,119 - en.wikipedia.org

38. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was charged with breach of the salt law, tried summarily behind prison walls and sentenced to six months of imprisonment.

FactSnippet No. 434,118 - en.wikipedia.org

39. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had earlier, after addressing a huge meeting and leading a vast procession, ceremoniously manufactured some contraband salt.

FactSnippet No. 434,117 - en.wikipedia.org

40. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested on 14 April 1930 while on train from Allahabad for Raipur.

FactSnippet No. 434,116 - en.wikipedia.org

41. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru assumed the presidency of the Congress party during the Lahore session on 29 December 1929 and introduced a successful resolution calling for complete independence.

FactSnippet No. 434,114 - en.wikipedia.org

42. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the leaders who objected to the time given to the British—he pressed Gandhi to demand immediate actions from the British.

FactSnippet No. 434,113 - en.wikipedia.org

43. In 1928, Gandhi agreed to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's demands and proposed a resolution that called for the British to grant dominion status to India within two years.

FactSnippet No. 434,112 - en.wikipedia.org

44. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the first leaders to demand that the Congress Party should resolve to make a complete and explicit break from all ties with the British Empire.

FactSnippet No. 434,111 - en.wikipedia.org

45. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru opened up its ranks to membership from across the political spectrum.

FactSnippet No. 434,109 - en.wikipedia.org

46. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru helped to make the struggle of the people in the princely states a part of the nationalist movement for independence.

FactSnippet No. 434,108 - en.wikipedia.org

47. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the first nationalist leaders to realise the sufferings of the people in the states ruled by Indian princes.

FactSnippet No. 434,107 - en.wikipedia.org

48. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru refused to meet Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy when the latter expressed his desire to meet him.

FactSnippet No. 434,106 - en.wikipedia.org

49. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru worked closely with Subhas Chandra Bose in developing good relations with governments of free countries all over the world.

FactSnippet No. 434,105 - en.wikipedia.org

50. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was in Europe in early 1936, visiting his ailing wife, shortly before she died in a sanitarium in Switzerland.

FactSnippet No. 434,104 - en.wikipedia.org

51. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru represented India and was elected to the Executive Council of the League against Imperialism that was born at this meeting.

FactSnippet No. 434,103 - en.wikipedia.org

52. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru sought foreign allies for India and forged links with movements for independence and democracy all over the world.

FactSnippet No. 434,102 - en.wikipedia.org

53. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru joined the movement and rose to become secretary of Besant's Home Rule League.

FactSnippet No. 434,101 - en.wikipedia.org

54. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru welcomed and encouraged the rapprochement between the two Indian communities.

FactSnippet No. 434,100 - en.wikipedia.org

55. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru joined both leagues but worked especially for the former.

FactSnippet No. 434,099 - en.wikipedia.org

56. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became involved with aggressive nationalists leaders who were demanding Home Rule for Indians.

FactSnippet No. 434,098 - en.wikipedia.org

57. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru ridiculed the Indian Civil Service for its support of British policies.

FactSnippet No. 434,097 - en.wikipedia.org

58. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru emerged from the war years as a leader whose political views were considered radical.

FactSnippet No. 434,096 - en.wikipedia.org

59. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru spoke out against the censorship acts passed by the British government in India.

FactSnippet No. 434,095 - en.wikipedia.org

60. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru confessed that he viewed the war with mixed feelings.

FactSnippet No. 434,094 - en.wikipedia.org

61. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had developed an interest in Indian politics during his time in Britain as a student and a barrister.

FactSnippet No. 434,093 - en.wikipedia.org

62. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru dressed in cadet uniform at Harrow School in England.

FactSnippet No. 434,092 - en.wikipedia.org

63. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote: "Decidedly the atmosphere was not intellectually stimulating and a sense of the utter insipidity of life grew upon me.

FactSnippet No. 434,091 - en.wikipedia.org

64. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was called to the Bar in 1912.

FactSnippet No. 434,090 - en.wikipedia.org

65. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru went to Trinity College, Cambridge in October 1907 and graduated with an honours degree in natural science in 1910.

FactSnippet No. 434,089 - en.wikipedia.org

66. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote: "Visions of similar deeds in India came before, of [my] gallant fight for [Indian] freedom and in my mind India and Italy got strangely mixed together.

FactSnippet No. 434,088 - en.wikipedia.org

67. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru wrote: "for nearly three years [Brooks] was with me and in many ways he influenced me greatly".

FactSnippet No. 434,087 - en.wikipedia.org

68. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was initiated into the Theosophical Society at age thirteen by family friend Annie Besant.

FactSnippet No. 434,086 - en.wikipedia.org

69. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru described his childhood as a "sheltered and uneventful one".

FactSnippet No. 434,085 - en.wikipedia.org

70. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the eldest of three children, two of whom were girls.

FactSnippet No. 434,084 - en.wikipedia.org

71. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the prominent leader of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress during the 1920s, and eventually of the entire Congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, Gandhi.

FactSnippet No. 434,083 - en.wikipedia.org