101 Facts About Prime Minister Winston Churchill

1. Prime Minister Winston Churchill worked hard; he put his proposals efficiently through the Cabinet and Parliament; he carried his Department with him.

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2. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was an animal lover and owned a wide range of animals, including dogs, cats, horses, pigs, fish, and black swans, many of which were kept at Chartwell.

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3. Prime Minister Winston Churchill reflected that: "The practice [of prayer] was comforting and the reasoning led nowhere.

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4. Prime Minister Winston Churchill once described his relationship with the Church as a buttress: he supported it from the outside.

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5. Prime Minister Winston Churchill proposed to Clementine during a house party at Blenheim Palace on 11 August 1908, in a small summer house known as the Temple of Diana.

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6. Prime Minister Winston Churchill found himself seated beside Clementine, and they soon began a lifelong romance.

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7. Prime Minister Winston Churchill met his future wife, Clementine Hozier, in 1904 at a ball in Crewe House, home of the Earl of Crewe and Crewe's wife Margaret Primrose.

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8. Prime Minister Winston Churchill displayed particular loyalty to his family and close friends.

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9. Prime Minister Winston Churchill thought rhetorically, and was constantly in danger of his policy being made by his phrases rather than vice versa.

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10. Prime Minister Winston Churchill had a good memory, and could be reckless.

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11. Prime Minister Winston Churchill firmly believed himself to be a man of destiny.

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12. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was a career politician, with biographer Robert Rhodes James describing him as a man "who was to devote himself for his entire adult life to the profession of politics".

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13. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was an amateur bricklayer, constructing buildings and garden walls at his country home at Chartwell, where he bred butterflies.

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14. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953 "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values".

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15. Prime Minister Winston Churchill completed the painting from the tower of the Villa Taylor in Marrakesh.

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16. Prime Minister Winston Churchill found a haven in art to overcome the spells of depression which some say he suffered throughout his life.

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17. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was an accomplished amateur artist and took great pleasure in painting, especially after his resignation as First Lord of the Admiralty in 1915.

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18. Prime Minister Winston Churchill spent most of his retirement at Chartwell and at his home in Hyde Park Gate, in London, and became a habitue of high society on the French Riviera.

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19. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was annoyed about friction between Eden and Dulles.

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20. Prime Minister Winston Churchill thought this might have been the reason for the removal of Beria.

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21. Prime Minister Winston Churchill refused to condemn the Soviet crushing of East Germany, commenting on 10 July 1953 that "The Russians were surprisingly patient about the disturbances in East Germany".

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22. Prime Minister Winston Churchill affected to believe that the proposed EDC would not work, scoffing at the supposed difficulties of language.

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23. Prime Minister Winston Churchill made four official transatlantic visits to America during his second term as prime minister.

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24. Prime Minister Winston Churchill held the office of Minister of Defence from October 1951 until 1 March 1952, when he handed the portfolio to Field Marshal Alexander.

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25. Prime Minister Winston Churchill told his granddaughter, Edwina, that Montgomery's behaviour in leaking a private conversation was "monstrous".

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26. Prime Minister Winston Churchill is today listed as one of the "Founding fathers of the European Union".

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27. Prime Minister Winston Churchill called for world unity through the UN, while stressing that Britain was uniquely placed to exert leadership through her links to the Commonwealth, the US and Europe.

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28. In June 1950, Prime Minister Winston Churchill was strongly critical of the Attlee Government's failure to send British representatives to Paris to discuss the Schuman Plan for setting up the European Coal and Steel Community.

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29. Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared "let Europe arise" but was "absolutely clear" that "we shall allow no wedge to be driven between Britain and the United States".

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30. Prime Minister Winston Churchill expressed similar sentiments at a meeting of the Primrose League at the Albert Hall on 18 May 1947.

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31. Prime Minister Winston Churchill continued to lead his party after losing the 1950 general election.

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32. Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the Irish Ambassador to London in 1946, "I said a few words in parliament the other day about your country because I still hope for a united Ireland.

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33. Prime Minister Winston Churchill concluded the UK and the US must anticipate the Red Army ignoring previously agreed frontiers and agreements in Europe, and prepare to "impose upon Russia the will of the United States and the British Empire.

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34. Prime Minister Winston Churchill held the view that until everything was formally and properly worked out at the Yalta conference, there had to be a temporary, war-time, working agreement with regard to who would run what.

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35. Prime Minister Winston Churchill opposed the Soviet domination of Poland and wrote bitterly about it in his books, but was unable to prevent it at the conferences.

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36. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was convinced that the only way to alleviate tensions between the two populations was the transfer of people, to match the national borders.

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37. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was party to treaties that would redraw post-Second World War European and Asian boundaries.

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38. Prime Minister Winston Churchill had 12 strategic conferences with Roosevelt which covered the Atlantic Charter, Europe first strategy, the Declaration by United Nations and other war policies.

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39. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was a very emotional man, unafraid to shed tears when appropriate.

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40. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was simply the right man in the right job at the right time.

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41. Prime Minister Winston Churchill planned to penetrate the Baltic with a naval force.

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42. At this time, Prime Minister Winston Churchill publicly gave his support to the King.

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43. Prime Minister Winston Churchill's figures for the size of the Luftwaffe, leaked to him by Ralph Wigram at the Foreign Office, were less accurate than those of the Air Ministry and he believed that the Germans were preparing to unleash thermite bombs "the size of an orange" on London.

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44. In June 1936, Prime Minister Winston Churchill organised a deputation of senior Conservatives to see Baldwin, Inskip and Halifax.

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45. On 22 May 1936, Prime Minister Winston Churchill was present at a meeting of Old Guard Conservatives at Lord Winterton's house at Shillinglee Park, to push for greater rearmament.

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46. In 1932, Prime Minister Winston Churchill accepted the presidency of the newly founded New Commonwealth Society, a peace organisation which he described in 1937 as "one of the few peace societies that advocates the use of force, if possible overwhelming force, to support public international law".

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47. In 1931, Prime Minister Winston Churchill said: "It is not in the immediate interest of European peace that the French Army should be seriously weakened.

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48. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was unable to find a single supporter in the House and the debate ended without a division.

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49. Prime Minister Winston Churchill opposed Gandhi's peaceful disobedience revolt and the Indian Independence movement in the 1920s and '30s, arguing that the Round Table Conference "was a frightful prospect".

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50. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was one of the best paid writers of his time.

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51. Prime Minister Winston Churchill spent much of the next few years concentrating on his writing, works including Marlborough: His Life and Times—a biography of his ancestor John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough—and A History of the English Speaking Peoples, Great Contemporaries and many newspaper articles and collections of speeches.

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52. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was at the low-point in his career, in a period known as "the wilderness years".

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53. Prime Minister Winston Churchill edited the Government's newspaper, the British Gazette, and was one of the more hawkish members of the Cabinet, recommending that the route of food convoys from the docks into London should be guarded by tanks, armoured cars and hidden machine guns.

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54. Prime Minister Winston Churchill accepted the post of Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Unionist government, and formally rejoined the Conservative Party, commenting wryly that "anyone can rat, but it takes a certain ingenuity to re-rat".

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55. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was returned at Epping against a Liberal and with the support of the Unionists.

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56. Prime Minister Winston Churchill had originally sought the backing of the local Unionist association, which happened to be called the Westminster Abbey Constitutional Association, so he adopted the term 'Constitutionalist' to describe himself during the by-election campaign.

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57. Prime Minister Winston Churchill believed that the Labour Party, as a socialist party, did not fully support the existing British Constitution.

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58. Prime Minister Winston Churchill stood for the Liberals again in the 1923 general election, losing in Leicester West.

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59. In 1923, Prime Minister Winston Churchill acted as a paid consultant for Burmah Oil to lobby the British government to allow Burmah exclusive rights to Persian (Iranian) oil resources; these rights were ultimately granted.

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60. On 4 May 1923, Prime Minister Winston Churchill spoke in favour of the French occupation of the Ruhr, which was extremely unpopular in Britain saying: "We must not allow any particular phrase of French policy to estrange us from the great French nation.

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61. Prime Minister Winston Churchill came fourth in the poll for Dundee, losing to prohibitionist Edwin Scrymgeour.

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62. In July 1921, Prime Minister Winston Churchill argued at the Imperial conference of Dominion prime ministers that despite the rejection by the United States Senate of the alliance with France that Britain should still sign a military alliance with France to guarantee post-war security.

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63. In 1919, Prime Minister Winston Churchill sanctioned the use of tear gas on Kurdish tribesmen in Iraq.

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64. Prime Minister Winston Churchill became Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1921 and was a signatory of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921, which established the Irish Free State.

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65. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was instrumental in having para-military forces intervene in the Irish War of Independence.

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66. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was a staunch advocate of foreign intervention, declaring that Bolshevism must be "strangled in its cradle".

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67. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was the main architect of the Ten Year Rule, a principle that allowed the Treasury to dominate and control strategic, foreign and financial policies under the assumption that "there would be no great European war for the next five or ten years".

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68. Prime Minister Winston Churchill plead his case with both Asquith and Conservative leader Bonar Law, but ultimately accepted his demotion to the position of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

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69. Prime Minister Winston Churchill encouraged the development of the tank, which he believed would be useful in overcoming the problems of trench warfare, and financed its creation with admiralty funds.

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70. Prime Minister Winston Churchill proposed a plan to seize the island of Borkum and use it as a post from which to attack Germany's northern coastline, believing that this strategy should shorten the war.

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71. Prime Minister Winston Churchill maintained that his actions prolonged the resistance by a week and that this time had enabled the Allies to secure Calais and Dunkirk.

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72. Prime Minister Winston Churchill began readying the navy for conflict, convinced that if Germany attacked France then Britain would inevitably join the war.

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73. Prime Minister Winston Churchill supported the bill and urged Ulster Unionists—a largely Protestant community who desired continued political unity with Britain—to accept it.

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74. Prime Minister Winston Churchill coined the term "seaplane" and ordered 100 to be constructed for the Navy.

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75. Prime Minister Winston Churchill settled into his official London residence at Admiralty House, and established his new office aboard the admiralty yacht, the Enchantress.

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76. Prime Minister Winston Churchill joined the police although did not direct their operation.

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77. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, learning that the troops were already travelling, allowed them to go as far as Swindon and Cardiff, but blocked their deployment; he was concerned that the use of troops could lead to bloodshed.

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78. In February 1910, Prime Minister Winston Churchill was promoted to Home Secretary, giving him control over the police and prison services, and he implemented a prison reform programme.

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79. Prime Minister Winston Churchill warned that such upper-class obstruction would anger working-class Britons and could lead to class war.

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80. Prime Minister Winston Churchill openly ridiculed those who thought war with Germany was inevitable—according to biographer Roy Jenkins he was going through "a pro-German phase"—and in autumn 1909 he visited Germany, spending time with the Kaiser and observing German Army manoeuvres.

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81. Prime Minister Winston Churchill promoted the idea of an unemployment insurance scheme, which would be part-funded by the state.

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82. Prime Minister Winston Churchill went then to Venice, and from there toured Italy by motorcar with his friend, Lionel Rothschild.

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83. Prime Minister Winston Churchill expressed concerns about the relations between European settlers and the indigenous southern African population; after Zulu launched the Bambatha Rebellion in Natal, he complained of Europeans' "disgusting butchery of the natives".

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84. Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced a gradual phasing out of the use of Chinese indentured labourers in South Africa; he and the government decided that a sudden ban would cause too much upset in the colony and might damage the economy.

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85. Prime Minister Winston Churchill received an advance payment of £8000 for the book, the highest ever paid for a political biography in Britain to that point; on publication, it was generally well received.

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86. Prime Minister Winston Churchill backed the Liberal vote of censure against the use of Chinese indentured labourers in South Africa, and in favour of a Liberal bill to restore legal rights to trade unions.

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87. Prime Minister Winston Churchill privately considered "the gradual creation by an evolutionary process of a Democratic or Progressive wing to the Conservative Party", or alternately a "Central Party" to unite the Conservatives and Liberals.

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88. Prime Minister Winston Churchill associated with a group of Conservatives known as the Hughligans, although he was critical of the Conservative government on various issues.

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89. In February 1901, Prime Minister Winston Churchill took his seat in the House of Commons, where his maiden speech gained widespread press coverage.

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90. Prime Minister Winston Churchill stood again as a Conservative candidate for the seat of Oldham at the 1900 general election, securing a narrow victory.

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91. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was selected as one of the two Conservative parliamentary candidates at the June 1899 by-election in Oldham, Lancashire.

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92. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was critical of Kitchener's actions during the war, particularly the latter's unmerciful treatment of enemy wounded and his desecration of Muhammad Ahmad's tomb in Omdurman.

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93. Prime Minister Winston Churchill sailed for Egypt, where he joined the 21st Lancers at Cairo before they headed south along the River Nile to take part in the Battle of Omdurman against the army of Sudanese leader Abdallahi ibn Muhammad.

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94. Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed that he would write a column describing the events for The Morning Post.

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95. Prime Minister Winston Churchill wrote his only work of fiction, Savrola, a roman a clef set in an imagined Balkan kingdom.

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96. Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided to join the Malakand Field Force led by Bindon Blood in its campaign against Mohmand rebels in the Swat Valley of Northwest India.

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97. Prime Minister Winston Churchill was eager to witness military action and used his mother's influence to try to get himself posted to a war zone.

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98. In February 1895, Prime Minister Winston Churchill was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the 4th Queen's Own Hussars regiment of the British Army, based at Aldershot.

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99. Prime Minister Winston Churchill made three attempts to be admitted to the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, only succeeding on the third.

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100. Prime Minister Winston Churchill performed poorly in most of his exams.

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101. Prime Minister Winston Churchill narrowly passed the entrance exam which allowed him to begin studies at the elite Harrow School in April 1888.

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