71 Facts About President Wilson

1. President Wilson was the leading architect of the League of Nations, and his progressive stance on foreign policy came to be known as Wilsonianism.

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2. President Wilson negotiated the passage of the Federal Reserve Act, which created the Federal Reserve System.

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3. At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the US declared neutrality as President Wilson tried to negotiate a peace between the Allied and Central Powers.

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4. President Wilson wanted the off-year elections of 1918 to be a referendum endorsing his policies, but instead the Republicans took control of Congress.

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5. Thomas Woodrow President Wilson was born to a family of Scots-Irish and Scottish descent in Staunton, Virginia.

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6. President Wilson became minister of the First Presbyterian Church in Augusta, and the family lived there until 1870.

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7. From 1870 to 1874, President Wilson lived in Columbia, South Carolina, where his father was a theology professor at the Columbia Theological Seminary.

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8. President Wilson studied political philosophy and history, joined the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, and was active in the Whig literary and debating society.

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9. In 1883, President Wilson met and fell in love with Ellen Louise Axson, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister from Savannah, Georgia.

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10. President Wilson proposed marriage in September 1883; she accepted, but they agreed to postpone marriage while Wilson attended graduate school.

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11. President Wilson's agreed to sacrifice further independent artistic pursuits in order to marry Wilson in 1885.

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12. President Wilson's learned German so that she could help translate works of political science that were relevant to Wilson's research.

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13. In late 1883, President Wilson enrolled at the recently established Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore for doctoral studies.

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14. President Wilson hoped to become a professor, writing that "a professorship was the only feasible place for me, the only place that would afford leisure for reading and for original work, the only strictly literary berth with an income attached.

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15. In 1885 to 1888, President Wilson accepted a teaching position at Bryn Mawr College, a newly established women's college near Philadelphia.

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16. President Wilson taught ancient Greek and Roman history, American history, political science, and other subjects.

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17. President Wilson coached the football team, founded a debate team, and taught graduate courses in political economy and Western history.

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18. In February 1890, with the help of friends, President Wilson was appointed by Princeton to the Chair of Jurisprudence and Political Economy, at an annual salary of $3,000.

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19. President Wilson supported the conservative "Gold Democrat" nominee, John M Palmer.

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20. President Wilson published several works of history and political science and was a regular contributor to Political Science Quarterly.

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21. President Wilson aspired, as he told alumni, "to transform thoughtless boys performing tasks into thinking men.

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22. President Wilson appointed the first Jew and the first Roman Catholic to the faculty, and helped liberate the board from domination by conservative Presbyterians.

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23. President Wilson worked to keep African Americans out of the school, even as other Ivy League schools were accepting small numbers of black people.

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24. In 1906, President Wilson awoke to find himself blind in the left eye, the result of a blood clot and hypertension.

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25. President Wilson began to exhibit his father's traits of impatience and intolerance, which would on occasion lead to errors of judgment.

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26. When President Wilson began vacationing in Bermuda in 1906, he met a socialite, Mary Hulbert Peck.

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27. President Wilson agreed to accept the nomination if "it came to me unsought, unanimously, and without pledges to anybody about anything.

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28. Republicans took control of the state assembly in early 1912, and President Wilson spent much of the rest of his tenure vetoing bills.

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29. President Wilson directed campaign finance chairman Henry Morgenthau not to accept contributions from corporations and to prioritize smaller donations from the widest possible quarters of the public.

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30. Brandeis and President Wilson rejected Roosevelt's proposal to establish a powerful bureaucracy charged with regulating large corporations, instead favoring the break-up of large corporations in order to create a level economic playing field.

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31. President Wilson engaged in a spirited campaign, criss-crossing the country to deliver numerous speeches.

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32. President Wilson met extensively with Democratic senators and appealed directly to the people through the press.

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33. President Wilson signed the Revenue Act of 1913 into law on October 3, 1913.

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34. President Wilson sought a middle ground between progressives such as Bryan and conservative Republicans like Nelson Aldrich, who, as chairman of the National Monetary Commission, had put forward a plan for a central bank that would give private financial interests a large degree of control over the monetary system.

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35. President Wilson declared that the banking system must be "public not private, [and] must be vested in the government itself so that the banks must be the instruments, not the masters, of business.

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36. One month after signing the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, President Wilson signed the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, which built on the Sherman Act by defining and banning several anti-competitive practices.

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37. President Wilson endorsed the bill at the last minute under pressure from party leaders who stressed how popular the idea was, especially among the emerging class of women voters.

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38. President Wilson told Democratic Congressmen they needed to pass this law and a workman's compensation law to satisfy the national progressive movement and to win the 1916 election against a reunited GOP.

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39. President Wilson called on the Labor Department to mediate conflicts between labor and management.

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40. In 1914, President Wilson dispatched soldiers to help bring an end to the Colorado Coalfield War, one of the deadliest labor disputes in American history.

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41. President Wilson disliked the excessive government involvement in the Federal Farm Loan Act, which created twelve regional banks empowered to provide low-interest loans to farmers.

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42. President Wilson increased self-governance on the islands by granting Filipinos greater control over the Philippine Legislature.

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43. In 1916, President Wilson purchased by treaty the Danish West Indies, renamed as the United States Virgin Islands.

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44. Immigration from Europe declined significantly once World War I began and President Wilson paid little attention to the issue during his presidency.

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45. President Wilson nominated three men to the United States Supreme Court, all of whom were confirmed by the US Senate.

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46. President Wilson took office during the Mexican Revolution, which had begun in 1911 after liberals overthrew the military dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz.

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47. Shortly before President Wilson took office, conservatives retook power through a coup led by Victoriano Huerta.

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48. President Wilson rejected the legitimacy of Huerta's "government of butchers" and demanded Mexico hold democratic elections.

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49. Eager to withdraw from Mexico due to tensions in Europe, President Wilson ordered Pershing to withdraw, and the last American soldiers left in February 1917.

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50. President Wilson extracted from Germany a pledge to constrain submarine warfare to the rules of cruiser warfare, which represented a major diplomatic concession.

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51. On March 18, 1915, President Wilson met Edith Bolling Galt at a White House tea.

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52. Galt initially rebuffed him, but President Wilson was undeterred and continued the courtship.

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53. President Wilson favored a minimum wage for all work performed by and for the federal government.

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54. Nationally, President Wilson won 277 electoral votes and 49.2 percent of the popular vote, while Hughes won 254 electoral votes and 46.1 percent of the popular vote.

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55. On January 8, 1918, President Wilson delivered a speech, known as the Fourteen Points, wherein he articulated his administration's long term war objectives.

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56. President Wilson refused to coordinate or compromise with the new leaders of House and Senate—Senator Henry Cabot Lodge became his nemesis.

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57. Japan proposed that the conference endorse a racial equality clause; President Wilson was indifferent to the issue, but acceded to strong opposition from Australia and Britain.

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58. When Lodge was on the verge of building a two-thirds majority to ratify the Treaty with ten reservations, President Wilson forced his supporters to vote Nay on March 19, 1920, thereby closing the issue.

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59. President Wilson adds: "The treaty was slain in the house of its friends rather than in the house of its enemies.

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60. In October 1919, President Wilson vetoed the Volstead Act, legislation designed to enforce Prohibition, but his veto was overridden by Congress.

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61. On December 10, 1920, President Wilson was awarded the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize "for his role as founder of the League of Nations".

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62. In 1921, President Wilson opened a law practice with former Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby.

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63. President Wilson showed up the first day but never returned, and the practice was closed by the end of 1922.

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64. President Wilson tried writing, and he produced a few short essays after enormous effort; they "marked a sad finish to a formerly great literary career.

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65. On November 10, 1923, President Wilson made his last national address, delivering a short Armistice Day radio speech from the library of his home.

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66. Woodrow President Wilson died on February 3, 1924, at the age of 67.

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67. Academically, President Wilson was an apologist for slavery and the Redeemers, and one of the foremost promoters of the Lost Cause mythology.

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68. In 1918, President Wilson spoke out against lynching in the United States, stating: "I say plainly that every American who takes part in the action of mob or gives it any sort of continence is no true son of this great democracy but its betrayer, and.

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69. President Wilson is generally regarded as a key figure in the establishment of modern American liberalism, and a strong influence on future presidents such as Franklin D Roosevelt and Lyndon B Johnson.

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70. In 2018, conservative columnist George Will wrote in The Washington Post that Theodore Roosevelt and President Wilson were the "progenitors of today's imperial presidency".

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71. Monuments to President Wilson include the Woodrow President Wilson Monument in Prague.

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