73 Facts About John Kennedy

1. John Kennedy wrote his first book, "Why England Slept" when he was only 22.

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2. John Kennedy defeated Nixon in the 1960 election when votes were counted in the Electoral College, by a margin of 303 to 219.

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3. John Kennedy was elected three times to the House and two times to the US Senate before becoming president, and he had more national political experience than our two most recent presidents.

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4. President John Kennedy wanted Cliff Robertson to play a young Lieutenant Kennedy in the war movie, but the first lady wanted Beatty.

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5. John Kennedy was a fan of fine cigars, and Cuban cigars in particular.

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6. In 1957, John Kennedy was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for his book, Profiles in Courage.

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7. John Kennedy died at Parkland Memorial Hospital shortly thereafter, at age 46.

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8. On November 8, 1960, John Kennedy defeated Nixon by a razor-thin margin to become the 35th president of the United States of America.

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9. On November 22, 1963, John Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas.

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10. John Kennedy sent an army convoy to reassure West Berliners of US support, and would deliver one of his most famous speeches in West Berlin in June 1963.

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11. On September 12, 1953, John Kennedy married the beautiful socialite and journalist Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.

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12. John Kennedy helped some of his marooned crew back to safety, and was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism.

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13. On September 2, 1963, John Kennedy helped inaugurate network television's first half-hour nightly evening newscast according to an interview with CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite.

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14. John Kennedy is the only president to have predeceased a grandparent.

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15. John Kennedy is the only president to have predeceased both his mother and father.

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16. John Kennedy was posthumously awarded the Pacem in Terris Award.

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17. John Kennedy was the first of six presidents to have served in the US Navy, and one of the enduring legacies of his administration was the creation in 1961 of another special forces command, the Navy SEALs, which Kennedy enthusiastically supported.

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18. John Kennedy inspired affection and loyalty from the members of his team and his supporters.

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19. John Kennedy suffered from chronic and severe back pain, for which he had surgery and was written up in the American Medical Association's Archives of Surgery.

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20. John Kennedy met his future wife, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier, when he was a congressman.

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21. John Kennedy was a life member of the National Rifle Association.

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22. John Kennedy was greatly impressed by the Irish Cadets on his last official visit to Ireland, so much so that Jackie Kennedy requested the Irish Army to be the honor guard at her husband's funeral.

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23. On March 14, 1967, John Kennedy's remains were disinterred and moved only a few feet away to a permanent burial plot and memorial.

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24. John Kennedy was in Texas on a political trip to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally.

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25. John Kennedy now became eager for the US to take the lead in the Space Race, for reasons of national security and prestige.

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26. John Kennedy watched King's speech on TV and was very impressed.

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27. On November 20, 1962, John Kennedy signed Executive Order 11063, which prohibited racial discrimination in federally supported housing or "related facilities".

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28. John Kennedy assigned federal marshals to protect the Freedom Riders rather than using federal troops or uncooperative FBI agents.

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29. John Kennedy was concerned with other issues in the early part of his administration, such as the Cold War, Bay of Pigs fiasco, and the situation in Southeast Asia.

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30. The US Senate ratified this and John Kennedy signed it into law in October 1963.

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31. John Kennedy was the first foreign leader to address the Houses of the Oireachtas.

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32. John Kennedy ended the arms embargo that the Eisenhower and Truman administrations had enforced on Israel.

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33. John Kennedy reiterated the American commitment to Germany and criticized communism, and was met with an ecstatic response from a massive audience.

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34. John Kennedy instructed Lodge to offer covert assistance to the coup, excluding assassination.

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35. In late 1961, President John Kennedy sent Roger Hilsman, then director of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research, to assess the situation in Vietnam.

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36. John Kennedy announced a change of policy from support to partnership with Diem to defeat of communism in South Vietnam.

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37. When President John Kennedy took office, he privately instructed the CIA that any plan must include plausible deniability by the US His public position was in opposition.

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38. John Kennedy worked closely with Puerto Rican Governor Luis Munoz Marin for the development of the Alliance of Progress, and began working towards Puerto Rico's autonomy.

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39. John Kennedy faced a dilemma: if the US attacked the sites, it might lead to nuclear war with the USS.

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40. John Kennedy approved the final invasion plan on April 4, 1961.

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41. John Kennedy gave a speech at Saint Anselm College on May 5, 1960, regarding America's conduct in the emerging Cold War.

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42. John Kennedy began intensive meetings on the Berlin issue, where Dean Acheson took the lead in recommending a military buildup alongside NATO allies.

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43. John Kennedy made it clear that any treaty interfering with US access rights in West Berlin would be regarded as an act of war.

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44. John Kennedy started off on the wrong foot by reacting aggressively to a routine Khrushchev speech on Cold War confrontation in early 1961.

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45. John Kennedy selected a mixture of experienced and inexperienced people to serve in his cabinet.

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46. John Kennedy brought to the White House a contrast in organization compared to the decision-making structure of former-General Eisenhower, and he wasted no time in scrapping Eisenhower's methods.

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47. John Kennedy became the youngest person ever elected to the presidency, though Theodore Roosevelt was a year younger at 42 when he automatically assumed the office after William McKinley's assassination in 1901.

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48. John Kennedy ignored the opposition of his brother, who wanted him to choose labor leader Walter Reuther, and other liberal supporters when he chose Johnson as his vice presidential nominee.

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49. John Kennedy won the West Virginia primary, impressing many in the party, but at the start of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, it was unclear as to whether he would win the nomination.

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50. John Kennedy traveled extensively to build his support among Democratic elites and voters.

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51. On January 2, 1960, John Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

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52. John Kennedy finished second in the balloting, losing to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee but receiving national exposure as a result.

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53. John Kennedy supported public housing and opposed the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, which restricted the power of labor unions.

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54. On March 1, 1945, John Kennedy retired from the Navy Reserve on physical disability and was honorably discharged with the full rank of lieutenant.

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55. John Kennedy was hospitalized at the Chelsea Naval Hospital in Chelsea, Massachusetts from May to December 1944.

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56. John Kennedy was commissioned an ensign on October 26, 1941, and joined the staff of the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, DC.

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57. In 1940, John Kennedy attempted to enter the army's Officer Candidate School, but was medically disqualified due to his chronic lower back problems.

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58. In early 1941, John Kennedy left and helped his father write a memoir of his time as an American ambassador.

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59. In 1940, John Kennedy completed his thesis, "Appeasement in Munich", about British participation in the Munich Agreement.

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60. John Kennedy made the Dean's List in his junior year.

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61. When John Kennedy was an upperclassman at Harvard, he began to take his studies more seriously and developed an interest in political philosophy.

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62. In July 1937, John Kennedy sailed to France—taking his convertible—and spent ten weeks driving through Europe with Billings.

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63. John Kennedy intended to study under Harold Laski at the London School of Economics, as his older brother had done.

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64. In September 1935, John Kennedy made his first trip abroad when he traveled to London with his parents and his sister Kathleen.

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65. John Kennedy spent his first years at Choate in his older brother's shadow, and compensated with rebellious behavior that attracted a coterie.

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66. Young John Kennedy attended the lower campus of Riverdale Country School, a private school for boys, from 5th to 7th grade.

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67. John Kennedy was educated at the Edward Devotion School in Brookline, the Noble and Greenough Lower School in nearby Dedham, Massachusetts, and the Dexter School through the 4th grade.

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68. John Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life and attended the local St Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917.

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69. John Kennedy continues to rank highly in historians' polls of US presidents and with the general public.

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70. On November 22, 1963, John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.

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71. John Kennedy increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D Eisenhower.

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72. John Kennedy was elected to the US Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960.

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73. John Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union.

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