88 Facts About Mr Obama

1. On February 10, 2007, Mr Obama formally announced his candidacy for president of the United States.

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2. In 1996, Mr Obama officially launched his own political career, winning election to the Illinois State Senate as a Democrat from the South Side neighborhood of Hyde Park.

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3. Mr Obama became the 44th president, and the first African American to be elected to that office.

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4. Mr Obama expressed his commitment to the peaceful transfer of power to President-Elect Donald Trump, and called on politicians and American citizens to come together despite their differences.

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5. Mr Obama found himself struggling on the domestic front in October 2013.

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6. On November 6, 2012, Mr Obama won a second four-year term as president by receiving nearly five million more votes than Romney and capturing more than 60 percent of the Electoral College.

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7. On January 27, 2010, President Mr Obama delivered his first State of the Union speech.

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8. Mr Obama coaxed Congress to expand health care insurance for children and provide legal protection for women seeking equal pay.

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9. Mr Obama emphasized the importance of unity and made veiled jabs at the Bush administration and the diversionary use of wedge issues.

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10. In 2000, Mr Obama made an unsuccessful Democratic primary run for the US House of Representatives seat held by four-term incumbent candidate Bobby Rush.

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11. Mr Obama published an autobiography, Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance, in 1995.

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12. Mr Obama continued drone strikes against Islamist militants begun by the previous administration.

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13. Mr Obama endorsed Oregon Governor Kate Brown for re-election on October 1, 2018.

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14. Mr Obama met with the Dalai Lama while in New Delhi.

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15. Mr Obama went on an international trip from November 28 to December 2, 2017, and visited China, India and France.

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16. Mr Obama gained 10 spots from the same survey in 2015 from the Brookings Institution that ranked Obama the 18th-greatest American President.

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17. Mr Obama is the fourth US president to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and the third to become a Nobel laureate while in office.

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18. On May 25, 2011, Mr Obama became the first President of the United States to address both houses of the UK Parliament in Westminster Hall, London.

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19. Mr Obama was living in seclusion in a large compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, a suburban area 35 miles from Islamabad.

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20. In 2014, Mr Obama authorized an air campaign aimed primarily at ISIL, but repeatedly promised that the US would not deploy ground troops in Syria.

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21. In 2012, Mr Obama authorized multiple programs run by the CIA and the Pentagon to train anti-Assad rebels.

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22. In 2015, Mr Obama was harshly criticized by Israel for advocating and signing the Iran Nuclear Deal; Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who had advocated the US congress to oppose it, said the deal was "dangerous" and "bad".

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23. Mr Obama supports the two-state solution to the Arab–Israeli conflict based on the 1967 borders with land swaps.

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24. Mr Obama announced an increase in US troop levels to 17,000 military personnel in February 2009 to "stabilize a deteriorating situation in Afghanistan", an area he said had not received the "strategic attention, direction and resources it urgently requires".

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25. Early in his presidency, Mr Obama moved to bolster US troop strength in Afghanistan.

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26. On October 21, 2011 President Mr Obama announced that all US troops would leave Iraq in time to be "home for the holidays".

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27. On February 27, 2009, Mr Obama announced that combat operations in Iraq would end within 18 months.

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28. In December 2011, Mr Obama instructed agencies to consider LGBT rights when issuing financial aid to foreign countries.

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29. In March 2010, Mr Obama took a public stance against plans by the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to continue building Jewish housing projects in predominantly Arab neighborhoods of East Jerusalem.

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30. On September 24, 2009, Mr Obama became the first sitting US President to preside over a meeting of the United Nations Security Council.

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31. On June 4, 2009, Mr Obama delivered a speech at Cairo University in Egypt calling for "A New Beginning" in relations between the Islamic world and the United States and promoting Middle East peace.

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32. Mr Obama attempted to reach out to Arab leaders by granting his first interview to an Arab satellite TV network, Al Arabiya.

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33. On November 10, 2014, President Mr Obama recommended the Federal Communications Commission reclassify broadband Internet service as a telecommunications service in order to preserve net neutrality.

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34. On January 5, 2016, Mr Obama announced new executive actions extending background check requirements to more gun sellers.

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35. In March 2009, Mr Obama lifted a ban on using federal funds for stem cell research.

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36. Mr Obama emphasized the conservation of federal lands during his term in office.

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37. On February 24, 2015, Mr Obama vetoed a bill that would authorize the pipeline.

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38. In July 2013, Mr Obama expressed reservations and stated he "would reject the Keystone XL pipeline if it increased carbon pollution" or "greenhouse emissions".

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39. Mr Obama urged Congress to ratify a 12-nation free trade pact called the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

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40. In December 2013, Mr Obama declared that growing income inequality is a "defining challenge of our time" and called on Congress to bolster the safety net and raise wages.

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41. Mr Obama signed into law the Car Allowance Rebate System, known colloquially as "Cash for Clunkers", that temporarily boosted the economy.

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42. Mr Obama intervened in the troubled automotive industry in March 2009, renewing loans for General Motors and Chrysler to continue operations while reorganizing.

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43. On October 30, 2009, Mr Obama lifted the ban on travel to the United States by those infected with HIV, which was celebrated by Immigration Equality.

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44. Mr Obama nominated Sonia Sotomayor on May 26, 2009 to replace retiring Associate Justice David Souter; she was confirmed on August 6, 2009, becoming the first Supreme Court Justice of Hispanic descent.

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45. Mr Obama appointed two women to serve on the Supreme Court in the first two years of his Presidency.

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46. In March 2009, Mr Obama reversed a Bush-era policy that had limited funding of embryonic stem cell research and pledged to develop "strict guidelines" on the research.

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47. Mr Obama revoked President George W Bush's restoration of President Ronald Reagan's Mexico City Policy prohibiting federal aid to international family planning organizations that perform or provide counseling about abortion.

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48. Mr Obama ordered the closing of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, but Congress prevented the closure by refusing to appropriate the required funds and preventing moving any Guantanamo detainee into the US or to other countries.

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49. On November 6, 2012, Mr Obama won 332 electoral votes, exceeding the 270 required for him to be reelected as president.

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50. Mr Obama delivered his victory speech before hundreds of thousands of supporters in Chicago's Grant Park.

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51. Mr Obama became the first African American to be elected president.

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52. On June 19, 2008, Mr Obama became the first major-party presidential candidate to turn down public financing in the general election since the system was created in 1976.

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53. Mr Obama selected Biden from a field speculated to include former Indiana Governor and Senator Evan Bayh and Virginia Governor Tim Kaine.

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54. Mr Obama emphasized issues of rapidly ending the Iraq War, increasing energy independence, and reforming the health care system, in a campaign that projected themes of hope and change.

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55. On February 10, 2007, Mr Obama announced his candidacy for President of the United States in front of the Old State Capitol building in Springfield, Illinois.

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56. Mr Obama sponsored a Senate amendment to the State Children's Health Insurance Program, providing one year of job protection for family members caring for soldiers with combat-related injuries.

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57. Mr Obama introduced two initiatives that bore his name: Lugar–Obama, which expanded the Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction concept to conventional weapons; and the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006, which authorized the establishment of USAspending.

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58. Mr Obama was sworn in as a senator on January 3, 2005, becoming the only Senate member of the Congressional Black Caucus.

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59. Mr Obama addressed another anti-war rally in March 2003 and told the crowd that "it's not too late" to stop the war.

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60. Mr Obama created a campaign committee, began raising funds, and lined up political media consultant David Axelrod by August 2002.

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61. In May 2002, Mr Obama commissioned a poll to assess his prospects in a 2004 US Senate race.

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62. In January 2003, Mr Obama became chairman of the Illinois Senate's Health and Human Services Committee when Democrats, after a decade in the minority, regained a majority.

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63. Mr Obama was reelected to the Illinois Senate in 1998, defeating Republican Yesse Yehudah in the general election, and was re-elected again in 2002.

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64. In 1991, Mr Obama accepted a two-year position as Visiting Law and Government Fellow at the University of Chicago Law School to work on his first book.

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65. Mr Obama was selected as an editor of the Harvard Law Review at the end of his first year, president of the journal in his second year, and research assistant to the constitutional scholar Laurence Tribe while at Harvard for two years.

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66. Mr Obama entered Harvard Law School in the fall of 1988, living in nearby Somerville, Massachusetts.

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67. Mr Obama worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, a community organizing institute.

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68. Mr Obama helped set up a job training program, a college preparatory tutoring program, and a tenants' rights organization in Altgeld Gardens.

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69. Mr Obama worked there as a community organizer from June 1985 to May 1988.

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70. Mr Obama met Trinity United Church of Christ pastor Rev Jeremiah Wright in October 1987 and became a member of Trinity in 1992.

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71. Mr Obama wrote in The Audacity of Hope that he "was not raised in a religious household".

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72. In June 1989, Mr Obama met Michelle Robinson when he was employed as a summer associate at the Chicago law firm of Sidley Austin.

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73. Mr Obama proposed to her twice, but both Jager and her parents turned him down.

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74. Mr Obama lived with anthropologist Sheila Miyoshi Jager while he was a community organizer in Chicago in the 1980s.

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75. Mr Obama is a supporter of the Chicago White Sox, and he threw out the first pitch at the 2005 ALCS when he was still a senator.

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76. Mr Obama has roots in Ireland; he met with his Irish cousins in Moneygall in May 2011.

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77. Mr Obama graduated with a BA degree in 1983 and worked for about a year at the Business International Corporation, where he was a financial researcher and writer, then as a project coordinator for the New York Public Interest Research Group on the City College of New York campus for three months in 1985.

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78. In February 1981, Mr Obama made his first public speech, calling for Occidental to participate in the disinvestment from South Africa in response to that nation's policy of apartheid.

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79. Mr Obama lived with his mother and half-sister, Maya Soetoro, in Hawaii for three years from 1972 to 1975 while his mother was a graduate student in anthropology at the University of Hawaii.

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80. Mr Obama attended Punahou School—a private college preparatory school—with the aid of a scholarship from fifth grade until he graduated from high school in 1979.

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81. Mr Obama started out in St Francis Pre-Education from age three to five.

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82. Mr Obama was born to a white mother and a black father.

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83. Mr Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawaii.

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84. Mr Obama is the only president who was born outside of the contiguous 48 states.

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85. Mr Obama was elected over Republican John McCain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009.

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86. Mr Obama received national attention in 2004 with his March primary win, his well-received July Democratic National Convention keynote address, and his landslide November election to the Senate.

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87. Mr Obama represented the 13th district for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he ran for the US Senate.

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88. Mr Obama previously served as a US senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008.

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