101 Facts About Dwight D Eisenhower

1. Dwight D Eisenhower believed in the Domino Theory and sent military advisors to Vietnam to halt the advance of communism.

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2. Dwight D Eisenhower believed in halting the advance of communism and took steps to this effect.

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3. Dwight D Eisenhower became commander of all US forces in Europe in June 1942.

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4. Dwight D Eisenhower graduated from West Point as a Second Lieutenant and then continued his education at the Army War College.

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5. In 1954, Dwight D Eisenhower decided against authorizing an air strike to rescue French troops from defeat at Dien Bien Phu, avoiding a war in Indochina, though his support for the anti-communist government in South Vietnam would sow the seeds of future US participation in the Vietnam War.

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6. In 1956, Dwight D Eisenhower created the Interstate Highway System, the single largest public works program in US history, which would construct 41,000 miles of roads across the country.

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7. In that position, Dwight D Eisenhower worked to create a unified military organization that would combat potential communist aggression around the globe.

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8. World War I ended just before Dwight D Eisenhower was scheduled to go to Europe, frustrating the young officer, but he soon managed to gain an appointment to the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

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9. Dwight D Eisenhower developed a knee injury that ended his playing days.

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10. Dwight D Eisenhower was mostly focused on football at West Point until he literally ran into the legendary Jim Thorpe in a contest against Carlisle in 1912.

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11. In 1953, Dwight D Eisenhower renamed it Camp David, honoring both his father, David Jacob, and his 5-year-old grandson, Dwight David.

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12. Dwight D Eisenhower was the only one still using the nickname by WWII.

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13. Dwight D Eisenhower served as president from 1953 to 1961, during which time he significantly expanded the highway system, created NASA, and put five justices on the Supreme Court.

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14. Dwight D Eisenhower was additionally responsible for signing the bill to form the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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15. Dwight D Eisenhower supported the creation of the Interstate Highway System during his time in office.

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16. In 1955, Dwight D Eisenhower met with Russian, British and French leaders at Geneva to further quell the threat of atomic war.

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17. Dwight D Eisenhower was promoted to brigadier general for his leadership of the Louisiana Maneuvers.

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18. Dwight D Eisenhower was promoted to first lieutenant on his wedding day.

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19. In 1915, Dwight D Eisenhower proudly graduated from West Point, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant.

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20. In 1911, Dwight D Eisenhower landed an appointment at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, where attendance was free of charge.

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21. Dwight D Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas.

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22. On July 12, 1957, Dwight D Eisenhower became the first president to employ the new aviation technology when he rode in a two-passenger Bell H-13J helicopter to Camp David as part of a test of White House evacuation procedures.

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23. Dwight D Eisenhower was honored on a US one dollar coin, minted from 1971 to 1978.

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24. Dwight D Eisenhower graduated from this school when it was previously known as the Army Industrial College.

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25. Dwight D Eisenhower presented the medal as an expression of his appreciation and the medal is a keepsake reminder for the recipient.

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26. Dwight D Eisenhower founded People to People International in 1956, based on his belief that citizen interaction would promote cultural interaction and world peace.

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27. Dwight D Eisenhower looked to moderation and cooperation as a means of governance.

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28. Dwight D Eisenhower strengthened European alliances while withdrawing support from European colonialism.

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29. Dwight D Eisenhower is buried alongside his son Doud, who died at age 3 in 1921.

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30. On January 17, 1961, Dwight D Eisenhower gave his final televised Address to the Nation from the Oval Office.

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31. Dwight D Eisenhower told friends, "I will do almost anything to avoid turning my chair and country over to Kennedy.

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32. Under the act, Dwight D Eisenhower was entitled to receive a lifetime pension, state-provided staff and a Secret Service detail.

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33. Dwight D Eisenhower became the first US president constitutionally prevented from running for re-election to a third term.

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34. Dwight D Eisenhower's scheduled meeting with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was postponed so he could recover at his farm.

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35. Dwight D Eisenhower was treated by Dr Paul Dudley White, a cardiologist with a national reputation, who regularly informed the press of the President's progress.

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36. Dwight D Eisenhower joked that he "gave [himself] an order" to stop cold turkey in 1949.

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37. Dwight D Eisenhower began chain smoking cigarettes at West Point, often three or four packs a day.

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38. Dwight D Eisenhower has a national name for integrity, uprightness, and courage that, again, I believe we need on the Court".

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39. Dwight D Eisenhower removed him from the agency and revoked his security clearance, though he knew this would create fertile ground for McCarthy.

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40. Dwight D Eisenhower was urged to respond directly and specify the various measures he had taken to purge the government of communists.

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41. Dwight D Eisenhower had a Republican Congress for only his first two years in office; in the Senate, the Republican majority was by a one-vote margin.

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42. Dwight D Eisenhower demanded that Arkansas governor Orval Faubus obey the court order.

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43. Dwight D Eisenhower proposed to Congress the Civil Rights Act of 1957 and of 1960 and signed those acts into law.

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44. Dwight D Eisenhower told District of Columbia officials to make Washington a model for the rest of the country in integrating black and white public school children.

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45. Dwight D Eisenhower made clear his stance in his first State of the Union address in February 1953, saying "I propose to use whatever authority exists in the office of the President to end segregation in the District of Columbia, including the Federal Government, and any segregation in the Armed Forces".

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46. Dwight D Eisenhower stated it had all been ruined because of that "stupid U-2 business".

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47. Dwight D Eisenhower refused to accede to Khrushchev's demands that he apologize.

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48. Dwight D Eisenhower told Kennedy he considered Laos "the cork in the bottle" with regard to the regional threat.

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49. In February 1955, Dwight D Eisenhower dispatched the first American soldiers to Vietnam as military advisors to Diem's army.

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50. Dwight D Eisenhower stated prophetically that "this war would absorb our troops by divisions.

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51. Dwight D Eisenhower publicly disavowed his allies at the United Nations, and used financial and diplomatic pressure to make them withdraw from Egypt.

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52. Dwight D Eisenhower openly threatened the Chinese communists with use of nuclear weapons, authorizing a series of bomb tests labeled Operation Teapot.

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53. Dwight D Eisenhower requested and secured from Congress their "Free China Resolution" in January 1955, which gave Eisenhower unprecedented power in advance to use military force at any level of his choosing in defense of Free China and the Pescadores.

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54. Dwight D Eisenhower continued Truman's policy of recognizing the Republic of China as the legitimate government of China, not the Beijing regime.

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55. Dwight D Eisenhower had the insight to realize that unlimited war in the nuclear age was unthinkable, and limited war unwinnable.

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56. In late 1952 Dwight D Eisenhower went to Korea and discovered a military and political stalemate.

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57. Dwight D Eisenhower believed that if the communists were allowed to prevail in Vietnam, this would cause a succession of countries to fall to communism, from Laos through Malaysia and Indonesia ultimately to India.

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58. In 1954, Dwight D Eisenhower articulated the domino theory in his outlook towards communism in Southeast Asia and in Central America.

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59. At the Geneva Conference Dwight D Eisenhower presented a proposal called "Open Skies" to facilitate disarmament, which included plans for Russia and the US to provide mutual access to each other's skies for open surveillance of military infrastructure.

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60. Dwight D Eisenhower was assigned as an observer for the mission, which involved sending a convoy of US Army vehicles coast to coast.

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61. Dwight D Eisenhower justified the project through the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 as essential to American security during the Cold War.

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62. Dwight D Eisenhower was assured of an enduring achievement when he championed and signed the bill that authorized the Interstate Highway System in 1956.

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63. Dwight D Eisenhower made full use of his valet, chauffeur, and secretarial support—he rarely drove or dialed a phone number.

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64. Dwight D Eisenhower valued the brief respites and the amenities of an office which he endowed with an arduous daily schedule.

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65. Dwight D Eisenhower was publicly noncommittal about Nixon's repeating as the Vice President on his ticket; the question was an especially important one in light of his heart condition.

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66. Dwight D Eisenhower initially planned on serving only one term, but as with other decisions, he maintained a position of maximum flexibility in case leading Republicans wanted him to run again.

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67. Dwight D Eisenhower was among those who blamed the Old Guard for the losses, and he took up the charge to stop suspected efforts by the right wing to take control of the GOP.

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68. Dwight D Eisenhower implemented integration in the Armed Services in two years, which had not been completed under Truman.

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69. Dwight D Eisenhower made greater use of press conferences than any previous president, holding almost 200 over his two terms.

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70. Dwight D Eisenhower conducted the first pre-inaugural cabinet meeting in history in late 1952; he used this meeting to articulate his anti-communist Russia policy.

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71. Dwight D Eisenhower upgraded the role of the National Security Council in planning all phases of the Cold War.

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72. Dwight D Eisenhower accepted their recommendations without exception; they included John Foster Dulles and George M Humphrey with whom he developed his closest relationships, and one woman, Oveta Culp Hobby.

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73. Dwight D Eisenhower was the third general to serve as president, and the last to have never held political office prior to being president until Donald Trump entered office in January 2017.

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74. Dwight D Eisenhower was the last president born in the 19th century, and at age 62, was the oldest president-elect since James Buchanan in 1856.

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75. Dwight D Eisenhower defeated Democratic candidate Adlai Stevenson II in a landslide, with an electoral margin of 442 to 89, marking the first Republican return to the White House in 20 years.

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76. The second issue centered on Dwight D Eisenhower's relented decision to confront the controversial methods of Joseph McCarthy on his home turf in a Wisconsin appearance.

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77. Dwight D Eisenhower advised the participating European nations that it would be incumbent upon them to demonstrate their own commitment of troops and equipment to the NATO force before such would come from the war-weary United States.

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78. Dwight D Eisenhower held this position until January 20, 1953, when he became the President of the United States.

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79. Dwight D Eisenhower was unknowingly building resentment and a reputation among the Columbia University faculty and staff as an absentee president who was using the university for his own interests.

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80. Dwight D Eisenhower informed them that his main purpose was "to promote the basic concepts of education in a democracy".

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81. Dwight D Eisenhower was clear on this point to the trustees involved in the search committee.

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82. Dwight D Eisenhower accepted the presidency of the university to expand his ability to promote "the American form of democracy" through education.

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83. Dwight D Eisenhower had serious disagreements with Churchill and Montgomery over questions of strategy, but these rarely upset his relationships with them.

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84. Dwight D Eisenhower worked tirelessly to address the demands of the rival commanders to optimize Allied forces, often by giving them tactical latitude; many historians conclude this delayed the Allied victory in Europe.

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85. Dwight D Eisenhower had to skillfully manage to retain the services of the often unruly George S Patton, by severely reprimanding him when Patton earlier had slapped a subordinate, and then when Patton gave a speech in which he made improper comments about postwar policy.

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86. Dwight D Eisenhower was charged in these positions with planning and carrying out the Allied assault on the coast of Normandy in June 1944 under the code name Operation Overlord, the liberation of Western Europe and the invasion of Germany.

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87. Dwight D Eisenhower was the first non-British person to command Gibraltar in 200 years.

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88. Dwight D Eisenhower learned to fly, making a solo flight over the Philippines in 1937, and obtained his private pilot's license in 1939 at Fort Lewis.

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89. Dwight D Eisenhower was promoted to the rank of permanent lieutenant colonel in 1936.

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90. Dwight D Eisenhower had strong philosophical disagreements with MacArthur regarding the role of the Philippine Army and the leadership qualities that an American army officer should exhibit and develop in his subordinates.

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91. Dwight D Eisenhower was assigned to the American Battle Monuments Commission directed by General Pershing, and with the help of his brother Milton Eisenhower, then a journalist at the Agriculture Department, he produced a guide to American battlefields in Europe.

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92. Dwight D Eisenhower was even threatened with court-martial for continued publication of these proposed methods of tank deployment, and he relented.

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93. Dwight D Eisenhower's schooling continued, focused on the nature of the next war and the role of the tank in it.

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94. Dwight D Eisenhower was an honorary member of the Sigma Beta Chi fraternity at St Mary's University.

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95. Dwight D Eisenhower served initially in logistics and then the infantry at various camps in Texas and Georgia until 1918.

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96. Dwight D Eisenhower is brilliant in victory but never commits the bridge player's worst crime of gloating when he wins.

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97. Dwight D Eisenhower is a calm and collected player and never whines at his losses.

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98. Dwight D Eisenhower was a strong player, though not an expert by modern standards.

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99. Dwight D Eisenhower learned poker, which he called his "favorite indoor sport", in Abilene.

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100. Dwight D Eisenhower began painting while at Columbia University, after watching Thomas E Stephens paint Mamie's portrait.

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101. Dwight D Eisenhower proposed to her on Valentine's Day in 1916.

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